Chain

Chain [S]

  • A part of the insignia of office. A chain of gold was placed about Joseph's neck ( Genesis 41:42 ); and one was promised to ( Daniel 5:7 ). It is used as a symbol of sovereignty (Ezek. 16:11 ). The breast-plate of the high-priest was fastened to the ephod by golden chains ( Exodus 39:17 Exodus 39:21 ).

  • It was used as an ornament ( Proverbs 1:9 ; Cant 1:10 ). The Midianites adorned the necks of their camels with chains (Judg. Proverbs 8:21 Proverbs 8:26 ).

  • Chains were also used as fetters wherewith prisoners were bound ( Judges 16:21 ; 2 Sam 3:34 ; 2 Kings 25:7 ; Jeremiah 39:7 ). Paul was in this manner bound to a Roman soldier ( Acts 28:20 ; Ephesians 6:20 ; 2 Tim 1:16 ). Sometimes, for the sake of greater security, the prisoner was attached by two chains to two soldiers, as in the case of Peter ( Acts 12:6 ).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Chain". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Chain. [E]

    Chains were used,

    1. As badges of office;
    2. For ornament;
    3. For confining prisoners.
    4. the gold chain placed about Josephs neck, ( Genesis 41:42 ) and that promised to Daniel, ( Daniel 5:7 ) are instances of the first use. In ( Ezekiel 16:11 ) the chain is mentioned as the symbol of sovereignty.
    5. Chains for ornamental purposes were worn by men as well as women. ( Proverbs 1:9 ) Judith 10:4. The Midianites adorned the necks of their camels with chains. ( Judges 8:21 Judges 8:26 ) Step-chains were attached to the ankle-rings. ( Isaiah 3:16 Isaiah 3:18 )
    6. The means adopted for confining prisoners among the Jews were fetters similar to our handcuffs. ( Judges 16:21 ; 2 Samuel 3:34 ; 2 Kings 25:7 ; Jeremiah 39:7 ) Among the Romans the prisoner was handcuffed to his guard, and occasionally to two guards. ( Acts 12:6 Acts 12:7 ; 21:33 )
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Chain'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.