frozen rain-drops; one of the plagues of Egypt ( Exodus 9:23 ). It is mentioned by Haggai as a divine judgment ( Haggai 2:17 ). A hail-storm destroyed the army of the Amorites when they fought against Joshua ( Joshua 10:11 ). Ezekiel represents the wall daubed with untempered mortar as destroyed by great hail-stones (Ezek. 13:11 ). (See also 38:22 ; Revelation 8:7 ; 11:19 ; 16:21 .)
A greeting of joy and peace.
And they departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and did run to bring his disciples word. And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All HAIL. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him. ( Matthew 28:8-9 )
hal (baradh; chalaza):
1. Its Occurrence:
Hail usually falls in the spring or summer during severe thunder storms. Hailstones are made up of alternate layers of ice and snow, and sometimes reach considerable size, causing great damage by their fall. Upward currents of air carry up raindrops already formed to the colder regions above, where they freeze, and as they again pass through layers of cloud, their bulk increases until, too heavy to be carried by the current, they fall to the ground. Hailstorms, like thunder storms, occur in narrow belts a few miles in breadth and are of short duration. Almost without exception they occur in the daytime. If they take place before the time of harvest they do great damage to grain and fruit, and in extreme cases have injured property and endangered life.
2. In Syria:
Hailstorms, while by no means common in Syria and Palestine, are not unusual and are of great severity. They occasionally take place in Egypt. Within a few years hailstones of unusual size fell in Port Said, breaking thousands of windows.
3. Biblical Instances:
(1) The plague of hail (Exodus 9:23-24; Psalms 78:47), which was a local storm, as they usually are, falling on the Egyptians and not striking the children of Israel in Goshen. It was of great severity. "There was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as had not been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation" (Exodus 9:24). It took place in January, for the barley "was in the ear, and the flax was in bloom" (Exodus 9:31), and caused great damage.
(2) After the battle with the Amorites at Gibeon, "Yahweh cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died:
they were more who died with the hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword" (Joshua 10:11).
4. As Punishment:
Hail is often spoken of as a means of punishing the wicked:
"As a tempest of hail .... will he cast down" (Isaiah 28:2); "The hail shall sweep away the refuge of lies" (Isaiah 28:17); and as symbols of God's anger: "I will rain .... great hailstones, fire, and brimstone" (Ezekiel 38:22); "There shall be .... great hailstones in wrath to consume it" (Ezekiel 13:13; compare Isaiah 30:30; Haggai 2:17; Revelation 8:7; 11:19; 16:21).
5. God's Power:
Yahweh's power and wisdom are shown in controlling the hail:
Alfred H. Joy
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Interjection, found only in the Gospels as the translation of chaire, chairete, imp. of chairo, "to rejoice," is used as a greeting or salutation. The word "Hail" is Old English and was formerly an adjective, used with the verb to be, meaning "well," "sound," "hale," e.g. "Hale be thou." Wycliff has "heil" without the verb, followed by other English VSS, except that the Geneva has "God save thee," in Matthew 26:49; 28:9. The word occurs in Matthew 26:49; 27:29; 28:9, "all hail"; Mark 15:18; Luke 1:28; John 19:3.
See GODSPEED; GREETING.
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