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Hebrew

Hebrew [N] [S]

a name applied to the Israelites in Scripture only by one who is a foreigner ( Genesis 39:14 Genesis 39:17 ; 41:12 , etc.), or by the Israelites when they speak of themselves to foreigners ( 40:15 ; Exodus 1:19 ), or when spoken of an contrasted with other peoples ( Genesis 43:32 ; Exodus 1:3 Exodus 1:7 Exodus 1:15 ; Deuteronomy 15:12 ). In the New Testament there is the same contrast between Hebrews and foreigners ( Acts 6:1 ; Philippians 3:5 ).

Derivation.

  • The name is derived, according to some, from Eber ( Genesis 10:24 ), the ancestor of Abraham. The Hebrews are "sons of Eber" ( 10:21 ).

  • Others trace the name of a Hebrew root-word signifying "to pass over," and hence regard it as meaning "the man who passed over," viz., the Euphrates; or to the Hebrew word meaning "the region" or "country beyond," viz., the land of Chaldea. This latter view is preferred. It is the more probable origin of the designation given to Abraham coming among the Canaanites as a man from beyond the Euphrates ( Genesis 14:13 ).

  • A third derivation of the word has been suggested, viz., that it is from the Hebrew word 'abhar , "to pass over," whence 'ebher , in the sense of a "sojourner" or "passer through" as distinct from a "settler" in the land, and thus applies to the condition of Abraham ( Hebrews 11:13 ).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Hebrew". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Hebrew. [N] [E]

    This word first occurs as given to Abram by the Canaanites, ( Genesis 4:13 ) because he had crossed the Euphrates. The name is also derived from Eber, "beyond, on the other side," Abraham and his posterity being called Hebrews in order to express a distinction between the races east and west of the Euphrates. It may also be derived from Heber , one of the ancestors of Abraham. ( Genesis 10:24 ) The term Israelite was used by the Jews of themselves among themselves; the term Hebrew was the name by which they were known to foreigners. The latter was accepted by the Jews in their external relations; and after the general substitution of the word Jew, it still found a place in that marked and special feature of national contradistinction, the language.


    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Hebrew'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.