Hobab

Hobab [N] [H] [S]

beloved, the Kenite, has been usually identified with Jethro (q.v.), Exodus 18:5 Exodus 18:27 ; Compare Numbers 10:29 Numbers 10:30 . In Judges 4:11 , the word rendered "father-in-law" means properly any male relative by marriage (Compare Genesis 19:14 , "son-in-law," A.V.), and should be rendered "brother-in-law," as in the RSV His descendants followed Israel to Canaan ( Numbers 10:29 ), and at first pitched their tents near Jericho, but afterwards settled in the south in the borders of Arad ( Judges 1:8-11 Judges 1:16 ).

These dictionary topics are from
M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Hobab". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

Hobab [N] [E] [S]

favored; beloved
Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
[S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

Bibliography Information

Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Hobab'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

Hobab [N] [E] [H]

(beloved ). This name is found in two places only ( Numbers 10:29 ; Judges 4:11 ) Hobab was brother-in-law to Moses. (B.C. 1530.)


[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
[H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

Bibliography Information

Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Hobab'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

HOBAB

ho'-bab (chobhabh, "beloved"; Septuagint Obab):

This name occurs only twice (Numbers 10:29; Judges 4:11). It is not certain whether it denotes the father-in-law or the brother-in-law of Moses. The direct statement of Numbers 10:29 is that Hobab was "the son of Reuel" (the King James Version "Raguel"). This is probably the correct view and finds support in Exodus 18:27, which tells us that some time before the departure of the Israelites from Sinai, Jethro had departed and returned to his own land. The statement of Judges 4:11 is ambiguous, and therefore does not help us out of the difficulty, but is rather itself to be interpreted in the light of the earlier statement in Numbers 10:29.

Mohammedan traditions favor the view that Hobab was only another name for Jethro. But this has little weight against the statements of Scripture. However, whether father-in-law or brother-in-law to Moses, the service he rendered to the leader of the hosts of Israel was most valuable and beautiful. Hobab was an experienced sheikh of the desert whose counsel and companionship Moses desired in the unfamiliar regions through which he was to journey. His knowledge of the wilderness and of its possible dangers would enable him to be to the Israelites "instead of eyes."

The facts recorded of this man are too meager to enable us to answer all the questions that arise concerning him. A difficulty that remains unsolved is the fact that in Judges 1:16 and 4:11 he is described as a Kenite, while in Exodus 3:1 and 18:1, the father-in-law of Moses is spoken of as "the priest of Midian."

Jesse L. Cotton


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'HOBAB'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.