Javan

Javan [N] [H] [S]

  • The fourth "son" of Japheth ( Genesis 10:2 ), whose descendants settled in Greece, i.e., Ionia, which bears the name of Javan in Hebrew. Alexander the Great is called the "king of Javan" (rendered "Grecia," Daniel 8:21 ; 10:20 ; comp 11:2 ; Zechariah 9:13 ). This word was universally used by the nations of the East as the generic name of the Greek race.

  • A town or district of Arabia Felix, from which the Syrians obtained iron, cassia, and calamus ( Ezekiel 27:19 ).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Javan". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Javan [N] [E] [S]

    deceiver; one who makes sad
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Javan'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Javan [N] [E] [H]

    (clay ).

    1. A son of Japheth. ( Genesis 10:2 Genesis 10:4 ) Javan was regarded as the representative of the Greek race. The name was probably introduced into Asia by the Phoenicians, to whom the Ionians were naturally better known than any other of the Hellenic races, on account of their commercial activity and the high prosperity of their towns on the western coast of Asia Minor.
    2. A town in the souther part of Arabia (Yemen ), whither the Phoenicians traded. ( Ezekiel 27:19 )

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Javan'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    JAVAN

    ja'-van (yawan, meaning unknown):

    (1) In Genesis 10:2,4 = 1 Chronicles 1:5,7 Septuagint Iouan); Isaiah 66:19; Ezekiel 27:13 Septuagint Hellas, Greece); Daniel 8:21 m; 10:20; 11:2; Zechariah 9:13; Joel 3:6 (Hebrew 4:6) Septuagint hoi Hellenes, i.e. "Greeks"), "son" of Japheth, and "father" of Elisha, Tars, Kittim, and Rodarim, i.e. Rhodes (incorrectly "Dodanim" in Genesis 10:4). Javan is the Greek Iaon or Ia(v)on, and in Ge and 1Ch = the Ionian Greeks of Asia Minor, probably here = Cyprus. The reference in Ezekiel 27:13 (from which that in Isaiah 66:19 is copied) is the country personified. In Joe the plural yewanim, is found. In Da the name is extended to the Greeks generally. Corroboration of the name is found in Assyrian (Schrader, editor, Keilinschriftliche Bibliothek, II, 43). "The Persian Yauna occurs in the same double reference from the time of Darius; compare Aesch. Persian., 176, 562" (Skinner, Gen, 198). In Egyptian the word is said to be yevan-(n)a; in the Tell el-Amarna Letters Yivana is mentioned as being in the land of Tyre. See HDB, II, 552b.

    (2) Place (Ezekiel 27:19); the name is missing in Septuagint.

    David Francis Roberts


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'JAVAN'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.