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Judas

Judas [H] [S]

the Graecized form of Judah.

  • The patriarch ( Matthew 1:2 Matthew 1:3 ).

  • Son of Simon ( John 6:71 ; John 13:2 John 13:26 ), surnamed Iscariot, i.e., a man of Kerioth ( Joshua 15:25 ). His name is uniformly the last in the list of the apostles, as given in the synoptic (i.e., the first three) Gospels. The evil of his nature probably gradually unfolded itself till "Satan entered into him" ( John 13:27 ), and he betrayed our Lord ( 18:3 ). Afterwards he owned his sin with "an exceeding bitter cry," and cast the money he had received as the wages of his iniquity down on the floor of the sanctuary, and "departed and went and hanged himself" ( Matthew 27:5 ). He perished in his guilt, and "went unto his own place" ( Acts 1:25 ). The statement in Acts 1:18 that he "fell headlong and burst asunder in the midst, and all his bowels gushed out," is in no way contrary to that in Matthew 27:5 . The sucide first hanged himself, perhaps over the valley of Hinnom, "and the rope giving way, or the branch to which he hung breaking, he fell down headlong on his face, and was crushed and mangled on the rocky pavement below."

    Why such a man was chosen to be an apostle we know not, but it is written that "Jesus knew from the beginning who should betray him" ( John 6:64 ). Nor can any answer be satisfactorily given to the question as to the motives that led Judas to betray his Master. "Of the motives that have been assigned we need not care to fix on any one as that which simply led him on. Crime is, for the most part, the result of a hundred motives rushing with bewildering fury through the mind of the criminal."

  • A Jew of Damascus ( Acts 9:11 ), to whose house Ananias was sent. The street called "Straight" in which it was situated is identified with the modern "street of bazaars," where is still pointed out the so-called "house of Judas."

  • A Christian teacher, surnamed Barsabas. He was sent from Jerusalem to Antioch along with Paul and Barnabas with the decision of the council ( Acts 15:22 Acts 15:27 Acts 15:32 ). He was a "prophet" and a "chief man among the brethren."

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Judas". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Judas [E] [S]

    Jude
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Judas'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Judas, [E] [H]

    the Greek form of the Hebrew name Judah, occurring in the LXX, and the New Testament.

    1. The patriarch Judah. ( Matthew 1:2 Matthew 1:3 )
    2. A man residing at Damascus, in "the street which is called Straight," in whose house Saul of Tarsus lodged after his miraculous conversion. ( Acts 9:11 )

    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Judas,'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    Judas, [E] [H]

    surnamed Barsabas, a leading member of the apostolic church at Jerusalem, ( Acts 15:22 ) endued with the gift of prophesy, ver. ( Acts 15:32 ) chosen with Silas to accompany Paul and Barnabas as delegates to the church at Antioch. (A.D. 47.) Later, Judas went back to Jerusalem.


    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Judas,'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    JUDAS

    joo'-das (Ioudas; Greek form of Hebrew "Judah"):

    (1) A Levite mentioned in 1 Esdras 9:23 = JUDAH (3).

    (2) Judas Maccabeus, 3rd son of Mattathias (1 Macc 2:4).

    See MACCABEES.

    (3) Judas, son of Chalphi, a Jewish officer who supported Jonathan bravely at the battle of Hazor (1 Macc 11:70; Ant, XIII, v, 7).

    (4) A person of good position in Jerusalem at the time of the mission to Aristobulus (2 Macc 1:10); he has been identified with Judas Maccabeus and also with an Essene prophet (Ant., XIII, xi, 2; BJ, III, 5).

    (5) Son of Simon the Maccabee, and brother of John Hyrcanus (1 Macc 16:2). He was wounded in the battle which he fought along with his brother against Cendebeus (1 Macc 16:1; Ant, XIII, vii, 3), and was murdered by Ptolemy the usurper, his brother-in-law, at Dok (1 Macc 16:11).

    J. Hutchinson


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'JUDAS'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.