king, the name of the national god of the Ammonites, to whom children were sacrificed by fire. He was the consuming and destroying and also at the same time the purifying fire. In Amos 5:26 , "your Moloch" of the Authorized Version is "your king" in the Revised Version (Compare Acts 7:43 ). Solomon ( 1 Kings 11:7 ) erected a high place for this idol on the Mount of Olives, and from that time till the days of Josiah his worship continued ( 2 Kings 23:10 2 Kings 23:13 ). In the days of Jehoahaz it was partially restored, but after the Captivity wholly disappeared. He is also called Molech ( Leviticus 18:21 ; 20:2-5 , etc.), Milcom ( 1 Kings 11:5 1 Kings 11:33 , etc.), and Malcham ( Zephaniah 1:5 ). This god became Chemosh among the Moabites.
A deity of the Ammonites, like the planet Saturn, a representative of the sun-god in the particular aspect of a god of time.
See ASTROLOGY, 8; MOLECH.
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