pash'-hur, pash'-ur (pashchur, "splitter," "cleaver"):
The name of several persons difficult to individuate:
(1) A priest, son of Immer, and "chief governor in the house of the Lord" (Jeremiah 20:1), who persecuted Jeremiah, putting him in "the stocks" hard by the "house of Yahweh" in the "gate of Benjamin" (Jeremiah 20:2). When released, Jeremiah pronounced Divine judgment on him and the people. Future captivity and an exile's death are promised to Pashur whose name he changed from its masterful significance to a cowering one. "Terror on every side" (maghor miccabhibh) is to take the place of "stable strength" (Jeremiah 20:3).
(2) Son of Melchiah, a prince of Judah, and one of the delegation sent by Zedekiah, the king, to consult Jeremiah (Jeremiah 21:1). It looks like a larger and later deputation, similarly sent, to which this Pashur belongs, whose record is given in Jeremiah 38:1-13. Accompanying them was one, Gedaliah, who was a son of (3).
(4) A priest, of those who "sealed" Nehemiah's covenant (Nehemiah 10:1,3), who may, however, be the same as (5).
(5) The chief of a priestly family called "sons of Pashur" (Ezra 2:38; 10:22; Nehemiah 7:41; 1 Esdras 5:25 ("Phassurus," margin "Pashhur"); 1 Esdras 9:22 ("Phaisur," margin "Pashhur")). Doubtless it is this Pashur, some of whose sons had "strange wives" (Ezra 10:22).
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