(Gr. denarion), a silver coin of the value of about 7 1/2d. or 8d. of our present money. It is thus rendered in the New Testament, and is more frequently mentioned than any other coin ( Matthew 18:28 ; Matthew 20:2 Matthew 20:9 Matthew 20:13 ; Mark 6:37 ; 14:5 , etc.). It was the daily pay of a Roman soldier in the time of Christ. In the reign of Edward III. an English penny was a labourer's day's wages. This was the "tribute money" with reference to which our Lord said, "Whose image and superscription is this?" When they answered, "Caesar's," he replied, "Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's; and to God the things that are God's" ( Matthew 22:19 ; Mark 12:15 ).
pen'-i (denarion; Latin denarius (which see)):
the American Standard Revised Version (Matthew 18:28; 20:2,9,10,13, etc.) renders it by "shilling" except in Matthew 22:19; Mark 12:15 and Luke 20:24, where it retains the original term as it refers to a particular coin.
See DENARIUS; MONEY.
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