The Ten Commandments. These commandments were proclaimed by the Lord, in person, from Mount Sinai ( Exodus 19:1-25 ; Exodus 20:1-17 ; Hebrews 12:18-20 ). They,
- required strict submission to the one true and living God;
- prohibited idolatry in all forms;
- prohibited the taking of the name of the Lord in vain;
- required the keeping of the Sabbath;
- required the people to honor their parents;
- prohibited murder;
- prohibited adultery;
- prohibited stealing;
- prohibited the bearing of false witness;
- and prohibited covetousness ( Exodus 20:1-17 ).
These commandments were subsequently given to Moses on tables of stone in order that he might teach them to the people ( Exodus 24:12 ), and preserve them ( Exodus 31:18 ). These tables were deposited in the ark of the Lord for safekeeping ( Deuteronomy 10:1-5 ; Hebrews 9:4 ). These commandments were called
- "the words of the covenant," because they constituted the basis of the covenant between the Lord and his people ( Exodus 20:1-17 ; Exodus 34:28 );
- "the testimony," because they constantly testified to the fact that the Lord had spoken to them ( Exodus 20:1-17 ; Exodus 25:16 );
- "the tables of the covenant," because the words of the covenant were written upon them by the finger of God ( Exodus 31:18 ; Exodus 32:15 Exodus 32:16 ; Deuteronomy 9:7-11 ).