One of the Levitical families descended from Kohath, that of Zuph or Zophai ( 1 Chronicles 6:26 1 Chronicles 6:35 ), had a district assigned to them in Ephraim, which from this circumstance was called "the land of Zuph," and hence the name of the town, "Zophim." It was the birth-place of Samuel and the seat of his authority ( 1 Samuel 2:11 ; 7:17 ). It is frequently mentioned in the history of that prophet and of David ( 15:34 ; 16:13 ; 19:18-23 ). Here Samuel died and was buried ( 25:1 ).
This town has been identified with the modern Neby Samwil ("the prophet Samuel"), about 4 or 5 miles north-west of Jerusalem. But there is no certainty as to its precise locality. Some have supposed that it may be identical with Arimathea of the New Testament. (See MIZPAH).
the two watch-towers
(the two heights of the watchers ). [RAMAH, 2]