In English Versions of the Bible is used for:
(1) The stem of a tree, whether alive (Job 14:8; Isaiah 40:24) or cut down (Isaiah 44:19; Wisdom of Solomon 14:21). In Jeremiah 2:27; 3:9; Hosea 4:12, where the Hebrew has simply `ets, "wood," either meaning is possible (tree-worship? idolatry?). In Jeremiah 10:8 the text is doubtful.
(3) Elsewhere (Job 13:27, etc.) the word refers to an instrument of punishment.
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