The Exodus

The Exodus

  1. The Flight of Moses to Midian. Moses made the first effort to emancipate his enslaved brethren. At the age of forty he forsook the court of Pharaoh and attempted to ally himself with the chosen people ( Exodus 2:11 Exodus 2:12 ; Acts 7:22-25 ; Hebrews 11:23-27 ). His brethren understood him not; his efforts on their behalf were futile, and he was compelled to flee for Midian for his life ( Exodus 2:11-15 ).

  2. Sojourn in Midian. Moses spent forty years in Midian ( Acts 7:29 Acts 7:30 ). He married Zipporah, the daughter of Jethro, a descendant of Abraham by his wife Keturah ( Genesis 25:1-3 ; Exodus 2:16-25 ), and became the father of two sons ( Exodus 2:22 ; Exodus 4:20 ; Exodus 18:1-4 ).

  3. Moses Commission'. While in the land of Midian, Moses led the quiet and peaceful life of a shepherd ( Exodus 3:1 ). The angel of the Lord appeared to him in the burning bush and commanded him to return to Egypt and lead his brethren out of their bitter bondage ( Exodus 3:2-10 Acts 7:30-35 ). Moses declined to go because of
    1. his insignificance, ( Exodus 3:11 Exodus 3:12 ),
    2. the fear that his brethren would not believe him ( Exodus 4:1 ),
    3. and his inability to speak with fluency ( Exodus 4:10-12 ).

  4. Aaron Chosen. The Lord met every objection urged by Moses, but still he persisted in his desire to shrink from the task ( Exodus 3:2-22 ; Exodus 4:1-13 ). Aaron was therefore selected to assist him and to be the spokesman ( Exodus 4:14-16 ).

  5. The Return to Egypt. Moses departed from Midian, taking his wife and two sons with him. On the way the Lord met him and was about to take his life, but this calamity was averted by Zipporah, who took a sharp stone and circumcised her son ( Exodus 4:18-26 ).

  6. Brothers Meet. Moses and Aaron met at the mount of God. After an affectionate greeting Moses communicated to him the word of the Lord and showed him the signs that had been given him ( Exodus 4:27 Exodus 4:28 ).

  7. Arrival in Egypt. They arrived in Egypt and informed the elders of Israel of the revelation from God, and the people believed and bowed their heads in worship ( Exodus 4:30 Exodus 4:31 ).

  8. Demand on Pharaoh. Moses and Aaron approached the king and in the name of God demanded the release of his children. Pharaoh insolently and rebelliously refused the request, and the great contest between the King of Heaven and the mighty earthly potentate began ( Exodus 5:1-6 ).

  9. Ten Plagues. The Lord plagued the Egyptians in order to multiply His signs and wonders, and that they might known that He is God ( Exodus 7:1-5 ). The first nine plagues were
    1. the waters turned to blood ( Exodus 7:15-25 ),
    2. frogs filled the land ( Exodus 8:1-14 ),
    3. lice afflicted people and beasts ( Exodus 8:16-19 ),
    4. flies filled the land ( Exodus 8:20-24 ),
    5. murrain destroyed the cattle ( Exodus 9:1-7 ),
    6. people afflicted with boils and blains ( Exodus 9:8-14 ),
    7. hail smote the growing crops ( Exodus 9:13-35 ),
    8. locusts filled the land ( Exodus 10:13-15 ),
    9. and darkness covered Egypt ( Exodus 10:21-23 ).

  10. Special Command to Moses. The Lord commanded Moses to tell the people to borrow of their Egyptian neighbors jewels of silver and gold ( Exodus 11:1 Exodus 11:2 ). The justice of this command can be seen in the fact that they had served the Egyptians many years without remuneration ( Exodus 1:6-14 ; Exodus 5:1-19 ).

  11. Harmony of Exodus 9:6 Exodus 9:19 Exodus 9:25 . It is asserted that all the cattle of Egypt died. But is is plain that only the cattle died that remained ( Exodus 9:3 ) in the field during the murrain. The cattle that were destroyed by the hail-storm were those that were saved from the murrain ( Exodus 9:17-25 ).

  12. Explanation of Exodus 9:16 ; Romans 9:17 . The Egyptians were idolaters ( Exodus 5:1-3 ; Exodus 9:30 ; Exodus 14:18 ). Pharaoh was "raised up" in order that God might manifest His power and glory. "Raised up" has no reference to his birth or his elevation to the throne of Egypt. It means "roused up" or "made to stand." When Moses and Aaron demanded the release of the Hebrews he wickedly, rebelliously, and insolently denied the true God and refused to let them go ( Exodus 5:1-3 ). He had already made himself a vessel of wrath fitted for destruction ( Romans 9:22 ). God listened to the cries of his people and endured for a while this vessel fitted for destruction, and at last, when the time came, unloosed the burning fires of judgment, roused Pharaoh up from his infidelity, and proclaimed his name throughout Egypt, and in the ears of Israel ( Exodus 7:5 ; Exodus 14:17 Exodus 14:18 Exodus 14:31 ).

  13. The Passover. The Lord commanded Moses to speak unto the children of Israel and command them to select a lamb for each household on the tenth day of the month, assuring them that this should be to them the first month of the year ( Exodus 12:1-5 ). They were to keep the lamb until the fourteenth day of the month and kill it at the going down of the sun. They were to strike the posts of the doors of their dwellings with the blood. They were to roast the flesh and eat it in haste, with bitter herbs and unleavened bread ( Exodus 12:6-20 ). On that night the Lord passed through the land and smote the firstborn of man and beast ( Exodus 12:21-29 ).

  14. The Emancipation Proclamation. When Pharaoh heard the mighty cry he called for Moses and Aaron and gave them permission to depart and take their property with them ( Exodus 12:30-33 ).

  15. The Departure. The children of Israel departed from Rameses 2513 years after the creation of Adam ( Genesis 5:3-32 ; Genesis 7:6 ; Genesis 11:10-32 ; Genesis 12:4 Genesis 12:5 Genesis 21:5 ; Genesis 25:26 ; Genesis 41:46 Genesis 41:53 Genesis 41:54 ; Genesis 45:4-6 ; Genesis 47:9 ; Genesis 50:26 ; Exodus 7:7 ; Exodus 12:40 Exodus 12:41 ; Galatians 3:17 ). There were six hundred thousand men. Allowing one woman to each man, and two children to each family, the population was at least two million four hundred thousand ( Exodus 12:37 ).

  16. Sanctification of the Firstborn. In memory of the preservation of the children of Israel during the last night in Egypt, the Lord took unto himself the first born of man and beast ( Exodus 13:1-16 ).

  17. The Precious Burden. The triumphant host of Israel carried the remains of their great benefactor Joseph with them ( Genesis 50:24-26 Exodus 13:19 ).

  18. The Great Leader. As they departed from Egypt the Lord went before them in a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night ( Exodus 13:20-22 ).

  19. At the Red Sea. Moses and his mighty host encamped by the Red Sea. Pharaoh and his army drew near. The people were afraid, but Moses commanded them to stand still and see the salvation of the Lord, assuring them that they would see the Egyptians no more, for the Lord would fight for them, and they should hold their peace ( Exodus 14:1-18 ). The angel of the Lord took his position between the two camps, appearing as darkness to the Egyptians and light to the children of God. The Lord opened the sea, and the children of Israel went forward on dry ground, but the Egyptians following were drowned ( Exodus 14:19-31 ).

  20. Apostolic Endorsement. This mighty historical event was endorsed by the apostle Paul ( 1 Corinthians 10:1-12 ).

  21. Salvation of Israel.
    1. The Lord saved the children of Israel by opening up the way for them;
    2. and they saved themselves by using the means placed within their reach; God opened the way, and they passed through!