Togarmah

Togarmah [N] [H] [S]

  • A son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth ( Genesis 10:3 ).

  • A nation which traded in horses and mules at the fairs of Tyre ( Ezekiel 27:14 ; 38:6 ); probably an Armenian or a Scythian race; descendants of (1).

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Togarmah". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Togarmah [N] [E] [S]

    which is all bone
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Togarmah'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.

    Togarmah, [N] [E] [H]

    a son of Gomer, of the family of Japheth, and brother of Ashkenaz and Riphath. ( Genesis 10:3 ) His descendants became a people engaged in agriculture, breeding horses and mules to be sold in Tyre. ( Ezekiel 27:14 ) They were also a military people, well skilled in the use of arms. Togarmah was probably the ancient name of Armenia.


    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Togarmah,'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

    TOGARMAH

    to-gar'-ma (~togharmah]; Thorgama, Thergama, Thurgama, Thurgaba; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) Thorgoma):

    1. Its Forms:

    A Suggested Identification:

    The 3rd son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth, his brothers being Ashkenaz and Riphath (Genesis 10:3). The meaning of the name is doubtful. Grimm (Gesch. deutsch. Sprache, II, 325) suggests Sanskr. toka, "tribe," and arma = Armenia. Etymological and other difficulties stand in the way of French Delitzsch's identification of Togarmah with the Assyrian Til-garimmu, "hill of Garimmu," or, possibly, "of the bone-heap," a fortress of Melitene, on the borders of Tabal (Tubal).

    2. Probably Armenia or a Tract Connected Therewith:

    In Ezekiel 27:14 Togarmah is mentioned after Tubal, Javan and Mesech as supplying horses and mules to the Tyrians, and in 38:6 it is said to have supplied soldiers to the army of Gog (Gyges of Lydia). In the Assyrian inscriptions horses came from Kusu (neighborhoed of Cappadocia), Andia and Mannu, to the North of Assyria. Both Kiepert and Dillmann regard Togarmah as having been Southeastern Armenia, and this is at present the general opinion. The ancient identification of their country with Togarmah by the Armenians, though correct, is probably due to the Septuagint transposition of "g" and "r" (Thorgama for Togarmah), which has caused them to see therein the name of Thorgom, father of Haik, the founder of their race (Moses of Khor, I, 4, secs. 9-11). Ezekiel 27:14 (Swete) alone has "g" before "r":

    Thaigrama. The name "Armenia" dates from the 5th century BC.

    See ARMENIA; TABLE OF NATIONS.

    T. G. Pinches


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'TOGARMAH'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.