place of wasps, a town in the low country of Judah, afterwards given to Dan ( Joshua 19:41 ; Judges 18:2 ), probably the same as Zoreah ( Joshua 15:33 ). This was Samson's birthplace ( Judges 13:2 Judges 13:25 ), and near it he found a grave ( 16:31 ). It was situated on the crest of a hill overlooking the valley of Sorek, and was fortified by Rehoboam ( 2 Chronicles 11:10 ). It has been identified with Sur'ah, in the Wady Surar, 8 miles west of Jerusalem. It is noticed on monuments in the fifteenth century B.C. as attacked by the Abiri or Hebrews.
leprosy; scab; hornet
(hornet ), a town in the allotment of the tribe of Dan, ( Joshua 19:41 ) It is previously mentioned ch. ( Joshua 15:33 ) in the catalogue of Judah, among the places in the district of the Shefelah (Authorized Version "Zoreah"), It was the residence of Manoah and the native place of Samson. It is mentioned among the places fortified by Rehoboam. ( 2 Chronicles 11:10 ) It is perhaps identical with the modern village of Surah .
zo'-ra (tsor`ah; Saraa):
A city on the border of Dan, between Eshtaol and Ir-shemesh (Joshua 19:41); the birthplace of Samson (Judges 13:2,25); near here too he was buried (Judges 16:31); from here some Danites went to spy out the land (Judges 18:2,11). In Joshua 15:33 it is, with Eshtaol, allotted to Judah, and after the captivity it was reinhabited by the "children of Judah" (Nehemiah 11:29, the King James Version "Zareah"). It was one of the cities fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:10). It is probable that it is mentioned under the name Tsarkha along with Aialuna (Aijalon; 2 Chronicles 11:10) in the Tell el-Amarna Letters(No. 265, Petrie) as attacked by the Khabiri.
It is the modern Sur`a, near the summit of a lofty hill on the north side of the Wady es-Surar (Vale of Sorek). The summit itself is occupied by the Mukam Nebi Samit, overhung by a lofty palm, and there are many remains of ancient tombs, cisterns, wine presses, etc., around. From here Eshu`a (Eshtaol), `Ain Shems (Beth-shemesh) and Tibnah (Timnah) are all visible. See PEF, III, 158, Sh XVII.
E. W. G. Masterman
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