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Bath-Sheba

BATH-SHEBA

bath-she'-ba, bath'-she-ba (bath-shebha`, "the seventh daughter," or "the daughter of an oath," also called Bathshua bath- shua`, "the daughter of opulence" (1 Chronicles 3:5); the Septuagint however reads Bersabee everywhere; compare BATHSHUA; HPN, 65, 67, 77, 206 for Bath-sheba, and 67, 69, note 3, for Bathshua):

Bath-sheba was the daughter of Eliam (2 Samuel 11:3) or Ammiel (1 Chronicles 3:5); both names have the same meaning. She was the beautiful wife of Uriah the Hittite, and because of her beauty was forced by David to commit adultery (2 Samuel 11:2; Psalms 51). Her husband Uriah was treacherously killed by the order of David (2 Samuel 11:6). After the death of her husband David made her his wife and she lived with him in the palace (2 Samuel 11:27). Four sons sprang from this marriage (2 Samuel 5:14; 1 Chronicles 3:5), after the first child, the adulterine, had died (2 Samuel 12:14). With the help of the prophet Nathan she renders futile the usurpation of Adonijah and craftily secures the throne for her son Solomon (1 Kings 1:11). Later Adonijah succeeds in deceiving Bath-sheba, but his plan is frustrated by the king (1 Kings 2:13). According to Jewish tradition, Proverbs 31 is written by Solomon in memory of his mother. In the genealogy of Jesus (Matthew 16) Bath-sheba is mentioned as the former wife of Uriah and the mother of Solomon by David.

See ADONIJAH; AMMIEL; BATHSHUA; DAVID; ELIAM; NATHAN; SOLOMON.

A. L. Breslich


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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'BATH-SHEBA'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.