Though you already know all this,1 I want to remind you2 that the Lord a delivered his people out of Egypt, but later destroyed those who did not believe.36
And the angels who did not keep their positions of authority but abandoned their own home--these he has kept in darkness, bound with everlasting chains for judgment on the great Day.47
In a similar way, Sodom and Gomorrah5 and the surrounding towns6 gave themselves up to sexual immorality and perversion. They serve as an example of those who suffer the punishment of eternal fire.78
In the very same way, these dreamers pollute their own bodies, reject authority and slander celestial beings.89
But even the archangel9 Michael,10 when he was disputing with the devil about the body of Moses,11 did not dare to bring a slanderous accusation against him, but said, "The Lord rebuke you!"1210
Yet these men speak abusively against whatever they do not understand; and what things they do understand by instinct, like unreasoning animals--these are the very things that destroy them.1311
Woe to them! They have taken the way of Cain;14 they have rushed for profit into Balaam's error;15 they have been destroyed in Korah's rebellion.1612
These men are blemishes at your love feasts,17 eating with you without the slightest qualm--shepherds who feed only themselves.18 They are clouds without rain,19 blown along by the wind;20 autumn trees, without fruit and uprooted21--twice dead.
They are wild waves of the sea,22 foaming up their shame;23 wandering stars, for whom blackest darkness has been reserved forever.2414
Enoch,25 the seventh from Adam, prophesied about these men: "See, the Lord is coming26 with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones2715
to judge28 everyone, and to convict all the ungodly of all the ungodly acts they have done in the ungodly way, and of all the harsh words ungodly sinners have spoken against him."2916
These men are grumblers30 and faultfinders; they follow their own evil desires;31 they boast32 about themselves and flatter others for their own advantage.