1 Paul, called [to be] an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Sosthenes our brother,

References for 1 Corinthians 1:1

      2 to the church of God sanctified in Christ Jesus that is in Corinth,a called [to be] saints, together with all those who call upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ in every place, their [Lord]b and ours.

      References for 1 Corinthians 1:2

        • a 1:2 - Some manuscripts have "to the church of God that is in Corinth, sanctified in Christ Jesus"
        • b 1:2 - *Here "Lord" must be supplied to indicate the referent; otherwise this could be understood as "their place and ours"
          3 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

          Thanksgiving for the Corinthian Believers

          4 I give thanks to my God always concerning you, because of the grace of God which was given to you in Christ Jesus,

          References for 1 Corinthians 1:4

              5 thatc in everything you were made rich in him, in all speech and all knowledge,

              References for 1 Corinthians 1:5

                • c 1:5 - *Or "because"; the conjunction either (1) introduces a content clause ("that") giving the content of Paul's thanks, or (2) introduces a causal clause ("because") giving the reason for Paul's thanks
                  6 just as the testimony about Christ has been confirmed in you,
                  7 so that you do not lack in any spiritual gift [as you]d eagerly await the revelation of our Lord Jesus Christ,

                  References for 1 Corinthians 1:7

                    • d 1:7 - *Here "[as]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("eagerly await") which is understood as temporal
                      8 who will also confirm you until the end, blameless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.
                      9 God [is] faithful, by whom you were called to fellowship with his Son Jesus Christ our Lord.

                      Divisions in the Church at Corinth

                      10 Now I exhort you, brothers, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you all say the same [thing] and there not be divisions among you, and that you be made complete in the same mind and with the same purpose.

                      References for 1 Corinthians 1:10

                          11 For it has been made clear to me concerning you, my brothers, by {Chloe's people}e, that there are quarrels among you.

                          References for 1 Corinthians 1:11

                            • e 1:11 - Literally "those of Chloe"
                              12 But I say this, that each of you is saying, "I am with Paul," and "I [am] with Apollos," and "I [am] with Cephas," and "I [am] with Christ."
                              13 Has Christ been divided? Paul was not crucified for you, was he?f Or were you baptized in the name of Paul?

                              References for 1 Corinthians 1:13

                                • f 1:13 - *The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
                                  14 I give thanksg that I baptized none of you except Crispus and Gaius,

                                  References for 1 Corinthians 1:14

                                    • g 1:14 - Some manuscripts have "I give thanks to God"
                                      15 lest anyone should say that you were baptized in my name.
                                      16 (Now I also baptized the household of Stephanas. Beyond that I do not know if I baptized anyone else.)
                                      17 For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to proclaim the gospel, not with {clever speech}h, lest the cross of Christ be emptied.

                                      References for 1 Corinthians 1:17

                                        • h 1:17 - Literally "wisdom of word"

                                          Christ Crucified, the Power and Wisdom of God

                                          18 For the message about the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God.

                                          References for 1 Corinthians 1:18

                                              19 For it is written, "I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and the intelligence of the intelligent I will confound."
                                              20 Where [is] the wise person? Where [is] the scribe? Where [is] the debater of this age? Has not God made foolish the wisdom of the world?
                                              21 For since, in the wisdom of God, the world through its wisdom did not know God, God was pleased through the foolishness of preaching to save those who believe.
                                              22 For indeed, Jews ask for sign miracles and Greeks seek wisdom,
                                              23 but we preach Christ crucified, to the Jews a cause for stumbling, but to the Gentiles foolishness,
                                              24 but to those [who are] called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ [is] the power of God and the wisdom of God.
                                              25 For the foolishness of God is wiser than human [wisdom],i and the weakness of God [is] stronger than human [strength].j

                                              References for 1 Corinthians 1:25

                                                • i 1:25 - Literally "man"
                                                • j 1:25 - Literally "man"

                                                  Boast in the Lord

                                                  26 For consider your calling, brothers, that not many [were] wise according to human standards,k not many [were] powerful, not many [were] well born.

                                                  References for 1 Corinthians 1:26

                                                    • k 1:26 - Literally "according to flesh"
                                                      27 But the foolish [things] of the world God chose in order that he might put to shame the wise, and the weak [things] of the world God chose in order that he might put to shame the strong,
                                                      28 and the insignificant of the world, and the despised, God chose, the things that are not, in order that he might abolish the things that are,
                                                      29 so that all flesh may not boast before God.
                                                      30 But from him you are in Christ Jesus, who became wisdom to us from God, and righteousness and sanctification and redemption,
                                                      31 so that, just as it is written, "The one who boasts, let him boast in the Lord."l

                                                      References for 1 Corinthians 1:31

                                                        • l 1:31 - A quotation from Jer 9:24