Deuteronomy 32 LEB

The Song of Moses

1 "Give ear, O heavens, and I will speak, and let the earth hear the words of my mouth.

References for Deuteronomy 32:1

      2 May my teaching trickle like the dew, my words like rain showers on tender grass, and like spring showers on new growth.
      3 For I will proclaim the name of Yahweh; ascribe greatness to our God!
      4 The Rock, his work [is] perfect, for all his ways [are] just; [he is] a faithful God, and {without injustice};a righteous and upright [is] he.

      References for Deuteronomy 32:4

        • ך 32:4 - Literally "there is not injustice"
          5 They [have] behaved corruptly towardb him; [they are] not his children; [this is] their flaw, a generation crooked and perverse.

          References for Deuteronomy 32:5

            • כ 32:5 - Or "with"
              6 [Like] this do you treat Yahweh, foolish and {unwise}c people? [Has] he not, your father, created you? He made you, and he established you.

              References for Deuteronomy 32:6

                • ל 32:6 - Literally "not wise"
                  7 Remember [the] old days, {the years long past};d ask your father, and he will inform you, your elders and they will tell you.e

                  References for Deuteronomy 32:7

                    • ם 32:7 - Literally "[the] years of [from] generation to generation"
                    • מ 32:7 - Hebrew "to you"
                      8 {When the Most High apportioned}f [the] nations, at his dividing [up] of the sons of humankind, he fixed the boundaries of [the] peoples, according to the number of the children of Israel.g

                      References for Deuteronomy 32:8

                        • ן 32:8 - Literally "In/at the apportioning of the Most High"
                        • נ 32:8 - LXX reads "the number of the angels of God"; Dead Sea Scrolls reads "the number of the sons of God"
                          9 For Yahweh's portion [was] his people, Jacob the share of his inheritance.
                          10 He found him in a desert land, and in a howling, desert wasteland; he {encircled him},h he cared for him, he protected him like the {apple}i of his eye.

                          References for Deuteronomy 32:10

                            • ס 32:10 - Literally "moved around him"
                            • ע 32:10 - Literally "pupil"
                              11 As an eagle stirs up its nest, hovers over its young, spreads out its wings, takes them,j carries themk on its pinions,l

                              References for Deuteronomy 32:11

                                • ף 32:11 - Hebrew "it" but used poetically and with plural sense in context
                                • פ 32:11 - Hebrew "it" but used poetically and with plural sense in context
                                • ץ 32:11 - Hebrew "pinion"
                                  12 [so] Yahweh alone guided him,m and {there was no foreign god accompanying him}.n

                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:12

                                    • צ 32:12 - That is, Jacob, standing for Israel
                                    • ק 32:12 - Literally "and there was not with him a god foreign/strange"
                                      13 And he set him on the high places of [the] land, and he fed [him] the cropso of [the] field, and he nursed him with honey from crags,p and [with] oil from flinty rock,

                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:13

                                        • ר 32:13 - Hebrew "crop"
                                        • ש 32:13 - Hebrew "crag"
                                          14 [With] curdsq from [the] herd, and [with] milk from [the] flock, with [the] fat of young rams, and rams, the offspring of Bashan, and with goats [along] with the finest kernels of wheat, and [from] the blood of grapesr you drank fermented wine.s

                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:14

                                            • ת 32:14 - Hebrew "curd"
                                            • ׫ 32:14 - Hebrew "grape"
                                            • ׬ 32:14 - Or "partially fermented wine"; others translate simply as wine (NASB, NEB); HALOT 330, "still fermenting wine"
                                              15 And Jeshurun grew fat, and he kicked; you grew fat, you bloated, and you became obstinate; and he abandoned God, his maker, and he scoffed [at] the rock of his salvation.
                                              16 They made him jealous with strange [gods]; with detestable things they provoked him.
                                              17 They sacrificed to the demons, not God, [to] gods whomt they had not known, new [gods] [who]u came from recent times; {their ancestors had not known them}.v

                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:17

                                                • ׭ 32:17 - Hebrew "them"
                                                • ׮ 32:17 - Hebrew "they," understood in the verb form
                                                • ׯ 32:17 - Literally "their fathers not knew them"
                                                  18 [The] rock whow bore you, you neglected, and you forgot God, [the one] giving you birth.

                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:18

                                                    • װ 32:18 - Hebrew "he," understood in verb form
                                                      19 Then Yahweh saw, and he spurned [them], because of the provocation of his sons and his daughters.
                                                      20 So he said, 'I will hide my face from them; I will see what [will be] their end, for they [are] a generation of perversity, {children in whom there is no faithfulness}.x

                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:20

                                                        • ױ 32:20 - Literally "sons not faithfulness [is] in them"
                                                          21 They annoyed me with [what is] not a god; they provoked me with their idols. So I will make them jealous with [those] not a people, with a foolish nation I will provoke them.
                                                          22 For a fire was kindledy by my anger, and it burned {up to the depths of Sheol},z and it devoured [the] earth and its produce, and it set afire the foundation of [the] mountains.

                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:22

                                                            • ײ 32:22 - Or "ignited"
                                                            • ׳ 32:22 - Literally "up to Sheol depths"
                                                              23 I will heap disasters upon them; my arrows I will spend on them.
                                                              24 [They will become] weakened by famine, and consumed by plague and bitter pestilence; and the teeth of wild animals I will send against them, with [the] poison of [the] creeping [things] in [the] dust;
                                                              25 From outside [her boundaries] the sword will make [her] childless, and from inside, terror; both [for] [the] young man [and] also the young woman, the infant [along with] the gray-headed man.
                                                              26 I thought, "I will wipe them out; {I will make people forget they ever existed}."{

                                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:26

                                                                • ״ 32:26 - Literally "I will blot out from among human being their remembrance"
                                                                  27 If I had not feared a provocation of [the] enemy, lest their foes might misunderstand, | lest they should say, } "Our hand is {triumphant},~ and Yahweh [did] not do all this." '

                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:27

                                                                    • ׵ 32:27 - Or "so that they not make a false construal" of what has happened
                                                                    • ׶ 32:27 - Or "so that they might not"
                                                                    • ׷ 32:27 - Literally "raised/held high"
                                                                      28 For {they are a nation void of sense}, and there is not [any] understanding in them.

                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:28

                                                                        • ׸ 32:28 - Literally "they a nation perishing of counsel"
                                                                          29 If only they were wise, they would understand this; they would discern {for themselves their end}.€

                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:29

                                                                            • ׹ 32:29 - Literally "they would discern for end their"
                                                                              30 How could one chase a thousand and two could cause a myriad to flee, if their Rock had not sold them, and Yahweh had [not] given them up?
                                                                              31 For the fact of the matter is, their rock [is] not like our Rock, and our enemies recognize [this].

                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:31

                                                                                • ׺ 32:31 - The meaning of this expression is uncertain, but "discerns" or "judges" seem good choices; see HALOT 932, which allows for "judges" or "in the estimation of our enemies"
                                                                                  32 For their vine [is] from the vine of Sodom, and from the terraces of Gomorrah; their grapes [are] grapes of poison; {their clusters are bitter}.‚

                                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:32

                                                                                    • ׻ 32:32 - Literally "clusters of bitter [are] for them"
                                                                                      33 Their wine [is] the poison of snakes, and [the] deadly poison of horned vipers.
                                                                                      34 '[Is] not this stored up with me, sealed in my treasuries?'ƒ

                                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:34

                                                                                        • ׼ 32:34 - Or "storehouses
                                                                                          35 {Vengeance belongs to me}„ and [also] recompense, {for at the time their foot slips},… because the day of their disaster [is] near, {and fate comes quickly for them}.'†

                                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:35

                                                                                            • ׽ 32:35 - Literally "To me [is] vengeance"
                                                                                            • ׾ 32:35 - Literally "at [the] time [when] it shall slip foot their"
                                                                                            • ׿ 32:35 - Literally "and comes quickly/hurries events to come to them"
                                                                                              36 For Yahweh will judge [on behalf of] his people, and concerning his servants; he will change his mind when he sees that [their] power has disappeared, and [there is] no one left, confined‡ or free.ˆ

                                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:36

                                                                                                • ؀ 32:36 - Or "bond/bound"
                                                                                                • ؁ 32:36 - Or "freed"
                                                                                                  37 And he will say, 'Where [are] their gods, [their] rock in whom‰ they took refuge?

                                                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:37

                                                                                                    • ؂ 32:37 - Hebrew "in him"
                                                                                                      38 Who ate the fat of their sacrifices [and] drank the wine of their libations? Let them rise [up], and let them help you; {Let them be to you a refuge}.Š

                                                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:38

                                                                                                        • ؃ 32:38 - Literally "let there be/him/them unto you [as] a shelter"
                                                                                                          39 See, now, that I, [even] I [am] he, and there is not a god besides me; I put to death and I give life; I wound and I heal; there is not [one] who delivers from my hand!
                                                                                                          40 For [indeed] I lift up my hand to heaven, And I promise {as I live forever},‹

                                                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:40

                                                                                                            • ؄ 32:40 - Literally "live I to eternity"
                                                                                                              41 When I sharpenŒ {my flashing sword}, and my hand takes holdŽ [of it] in judgment, {I will take reprisals against my foes}, and my haters I will repay.

                                                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:41

                                                                                                                • ؅ 32:41 - Or "have sharpened"
                                                                                                                • ؆ 32:41 - Literally "the flashing of my sword"
                                                                                                                • ؇ 32:41 - Or "seizes"
                                                                                                                • ؈ 32:41 - Literally "I will let return vengeance to foes my"
                                                                                                                  42 I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh with the blood of the slain, and captives from the heads‘ of the leaders of [the] enemy.'

                                                                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:42

                                                                                                                    • ؉ 32:42 - Hebrew "captive"
                                                                                                                    • ؊ 32:42 - Hebrew "head"
                                                                                                                      43 Call for songs of joy, O nations, [concerning] his people,’ for the blood of his servants he will avenge, {and he will take reprisals against his foes},“ and he will make atonement [for] his land, his people."

                                                                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:43

                                                                                                                        • ؋ 32:43 - Dead Sea Scrolls reads: "Rejoice, O heavenly ones, with him! Bow down, all you gods, before him!"
                                                                                                                        • ، 32:43 - Literally "vengeance he will let return to his foes"
                                                                                                                          44 And Moses came, and he spoke” all the words of this song in the ears of the people; [that is], he and Joshua the son of Nun.

                                                                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:44

                                                                                                                            • ؍ 32:44 - Or "recited"
                                                                                                                              45 {And when Moses finished speaking}• all these words to all Israel,

                                                                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:45

                                                                                                                                • ؎ 32:45 - Literally "And [he] finished Moses to speak"
                                                                                                                                  46 then he said to them, "{Take to heart all the words}– that I [am] admonishing [against] you {today}— [concerning] which you should instruct them [with respect to] your children˜ {so that they will observe diligently}™ all the words of this law,

                                                                                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:46

                                                                                                                                    • ؏ 32:46 - Literally "Put heart your to all the words"
                                                                                                                                    • ؐ 32:46 - Literally "the day"
                                                                                                                                    • ؑ 32:46 - Or "sons"
                                                                                                                                    • ؒ 32:46 - Literally "to keep to do"
                                                                                                                                      47 for it [is] not a trifling matter among you, but it [is] your life, and through this word {you will live long in the land}š that you [are about] to cross the Jordan [to get] there to take possession of it."

                                                                                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:47

                                                                                                                                        • ؓ 32:47 - Literally "you will make long days on the land"

                                                                                                                                          Instructions Concerning Moses’ Death

                                                                                                                                          48 And Yahweh said to Moses on exactly this day, {saying},›

                                                                                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:48

                                                                                                                                            • ؔ 32:48 - Literally "to say"
                                                                                                                                              49 "Go up to this mountain of the Abarim [range], Mount Nebo, which [is] {opposite Jericho},œ and see the land of Canaan that I [am] giving to the {Israelites} as [a] possession.

                                                                                                                                              References for Deuteronomy 32:49

                                                                                                                                                • ؕ 32:49 - Literally "on the face of Jericho"
                                                                                                                                                • ؖ 32:49 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                                                                                                                                                  50 You shall die on that mountain that you [are] about to go up there, and [you will] be gathered to your people, [just] as your brother Aaron died on {Mount Hor}ž and he was gathered to his people,

                                                                                                                                                  References for Deuteronomy 32:50

                                                                                                                                                    • ؗ 32:50 - Literally "on Hor the mountain"
                                                                                                                                                      51 because [of the fact] that you broke faith with me in the midst of Israel at the waters of Meribah Kadesh, [in] the desert of Zin, because {you did not treat me as holy}Ÿ in the midst of the {Israelites}. 

                                                                                                                                                      References for Deuteronomy 32:51

                                                                                                                                                        • ؘ 32:51 - Literally "that not you treated me as holy"
                                                                                                                                                        • ؙ 32:51 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                                                                                                                                                          52 Yes, from afar you may view the land, but there you shall not enter there, [that is], into the land that I [am] giving to the {Israelites}."¡

                                                                                                                                                          References for Deuteronomy 32:52

                                                                                                                                                            • ؚ 32:52 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"