The Birth of Isaac

1 And Yahweh visited Sarah as he had said. And Yahweh did to Sarah as he had promised.

References for Genesis 21:1

      2 And she conceived, and Sarah bore to Abraham a son in his old age at the appointed time that God had told him.
      3 And Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him, whom Sarah bore to him, Isaac.
      4 And Abraham circumcised Isaac his son [when he was] eight days old, as God had commanded him.
      5 And Abraham [was] one hundred years old when Isaac his son was born to him.
      6 And Sarah said, "God has made laughter for me; all who hear will laugh for me."
      7 And she said, "Who would announce to Abraham [that] Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have borne a son [to Abraham] in his old age."

      Hagar and Ishmael

      8 And the child grew and was weaned. And Abraham made a great feast on the day Isaac was weaned.

      References for Genesis 21:8

          9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she had borne Abraham, mocking.
          10 Then she said to Abraham, "Drive out this slave woman and her son, for the son of this slave woman will not be heir with my son, with Isaac."
          11 And the matter {displeased Abraham very much} on account of his son.

          References for Genesis 21:11

            • a 21:11 - Literally "was very bad in the eyes of Abraham"
              12 Then God said to Abraham, "{Do not be displeased} on account of the boy and on account of the slave woman. {Listen to everything that Sarah said to you}, for through Isaac [your] offspring will be named.

              References for Genesis 21:12

                • b 21:12 - Literally "Do not let it be bad"
                • c 21:12 - Literally "Everything Sarah said to you, listen with respect to her voice"
                  13 And I will also make the son of the slave woman into a nation, for he is your offspring."
                  14 Then Abraham rose up early in the morning and took bread and a skin of water and gave [it] to Hagar, putting [it] on her shoulder. And he sent her away with the child, and she went, wandering about in the wilderness, in Beersheba.
                  15 And when the water was finished from the skin, she put the child under one of the bushes.
                  16 And she went and {she sat a good distance away}, for she said, "Let me not see the child's death." So she sat away from him and lifted up her voice and wept.

                  References for Genesis 21:16

                    • d 21:16 - Literally "she sat with respect to her, opposite, far away, as the shooting of a bow"
                      17 And God heard the cry of the boy and the angel of God called to Hagar from the heavens and said to her, "{What is the matter} Hagar? Do not be afraid, for God has heard the cry of the boy {from where he is}.

                      References for Genesis 21:17

                        • e 21:17 - Or "voice"
                        • f 21:17 - Literally "What to you"
                        • g 21:17 - Or "voice"
                        • h 21:17 - Literally "in which he [is] there"
                          18 Get up, take up the boy and take him with your hand, for I will make him a great nation."
                          19 And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water. And she went and filled the skin with water and gave a drink to the boy.
                          20 And God was with the boy, and he grew and lived in the wilderness. And he became {an expert with a bow}.

                          References for Genesis 21:20

                            • i 21:20 - Literally "an archer with the bow"
                              21 And he lived in the wilderness of Paran. And his mother took a wife for him from the land of Egypt.

                              The Covenant Between Abraham and Abimelech

                              22 And it happened [that] at that time, Abimelech and Phicol, the commander of his army, said to Abraham, "God [is] with you, in all that you do.

                              References for Genesis 21:22

                                  23 So now, swear to me here by God [that] you will not deal with me falsely, or with my descendants, or my posterity. According to the kindness that I have done to you, you shall [pledge] to do with me and with the land where you have dwelled as an alien."
                                  24 And Abraham said, "I swear."
                                  25 Then Abraham complained to Abimelech on account of the well of water that servants of Abimelech had seized.
                                  26 And Abimelech said, "I do not know who did this thing, neither did you tell me, nor have I heard [of it] except for today."
                                  27 And Abraham took sheep and cattle and gave [them] to Abimelech. And the two of them {made} a covenant.

                                  References for Genesis 21:27

                                    • j 21:27 - Literally "cut"
                                      28 Then Abraham set [off] seven ewe-lambs of the flock by themselves.
                                      29 And Abimelech said to Abraham, "What [is the meaning of] these seven ewe-lambs that you have set [off] by themselves?"
                                      30 And he said, "You shall take the seven ewe-lambs from my hand {as proof on my behalf} that I dug this well."

                                      References for Genesis 21:30

                                        • k 21:30 - Literally "for the sake that it shall be a witness for me"
                                          31 Therefore that place is called Beersheba, because there the two of them swore an oath.
                                          32 And they {made} a covenant at Beersheba. And Abimelech, and Phicol his army commander stood and returned to the land of the Philistines.

                                          References for Genesis 21:32

                                            • l 21:32 - Literally "cut"
                                              33 And he planted a tamarisk tree in Beersheba, and there he called on the name of Yahweh, {the everlasting God}.

                                              References for Genesis 21:33

                                                • m 21:33 - That is, Abraham
                                                • n 21:33 - Literally "El-Olam"
                                                  34 And Abraham dwelled as an alien in the land of the Philistines many days.