The Midianites Oppresses Israel

1 The {Israelites} did evil in the eyes of Yahweh, and Yahweh gave them into the hand of the Midianites for seven years.

References for Judges 6:1

    • a 6:1 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
    • b 6:1 - Hebrew "Midianite"
      2 The hand of the Midianites prevailed over Israel; because of the presence of the Midianites, the {Israelites} made for themselves hiding places that [were] in the mountains, caves, and strongholds.

      References for Judges 6:2

        • c 6:2 - Hebrew "Midianite"
        • d 6:2 - Hebrew "Midianite"
        • e 6:2 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
          3 And whenever Israel sowed seed, the Midianites, Amalekites, and the people of [the] east would come up against them.

          References for Judges 6:3

            • f 6:3 - Hebrew "Midianite"
            • g 6:3 - Hebrew "Amalekite"
              4 They would camp against them and destroy the produce of the land {as far as} Gaza; they left no produce in Israel, or sheep, ox, or donkey.

              References for Judges 6:4

                • h 6:4 - Literally "until your coming to"
                  5 For they, their livestock, and their tents would come up like a great number of locusts; they and their camels could not be counted; they came into the land and devoured it.
                  6 Israel was very poor because of the presence of the Midianites, and the {Israelites} cried out to Yahweh.

                  References for Judges 6:6

                    • i 6:6 - Hebrew "Midianite"
                    • j 6:6 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                      7 When the {Israelites} cried out to Yahweh on account of the Midianites,

                      References for Judges 6:7

                        • k 6:7 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                        • l 6:7 - Hebrew "Midianite"
                          8 Yahweh sent a prophet to the {Israelites}, and he said to them, "Thus says Yahweh the God of Israel: 'I brought you up from Egypt; I brought you from the house of slavery.

                          References for Judges 6:8

                            • m 6:8 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                            • n 6:8 - Hebrew "slaves"
                              9 I delivered you from the hand of Egypt and from the hand of all your oppressors, and drove them out from {before you}; and I gave you their land.

                              References for Judges 6:9

                                • o 6:9 - Literally "your face/presence"
                                  10 And I said to you, 'I [am] Yahweh your God; do not fear the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you [are] living.' But you have not listened to my voice."

                                  References for Judges 6:10

                                    • p 6:10 - Or "revere"
                                    • q 6:10 - Hebrew "Amorite"

                                      The Angel of Yahweh Calls Gideon

                                      11 The angel of Yahweh came and sat under the oak that [was] at Ophrah that belonged to Jehoash [the] Abiezrite; and Gideon his son [was] threshing wheat in the winepress to hide [it] from the Midianites.

                                      References for Judges 6:11

                                        • r 6:11 - Or "terebinth"
                                        • s 6:11 - Or "keep [it] away"
                                        • t 6:11 - Hebrew "Midianite"
                                          12 The angel of Yahweh appeared to him and said to him, "Yahweh [is] with you, {you mighty warrior}."

                                          References for Judges 6:12

                                            • u 6:12 - Literally "strong/mighty of power"
                                              13 Gideon said to him, "Excuse me, my lord. [If] Yahweh is with us, why then has all this happened to us? Where are all his wonderful deeds that our ancestors recounted to us, saying, 'Did not Yahweh bring us up from Egypt?' But now Yahweh has forsaken us; he has given us into the palm of Midian."

                                              References for Judges 6:13

                                                • v 6:13 - Or "fathers"
                                                  14 And Yahweh turned to him and said, "Go in this your strength, and you will deliver Israel from the palm of Midian. Did I not send you?"
                                                  15 He said to him, "Excuse me, my lord. How will I deliver Israel? Look, my clan [is] the weakest in Manasseh, and I [am] the youngest in my father's house."
                                                  16 And Yahweh said to him, "But I will be with you, and you will defeat Midian {as if they are one man}."

                                                  References for Judges 6:16

                                                    • w 6:16 - Literally "as one man"
                                                      17 And he said to him, "Please, if I have found favor in your eyes, {show me a sign} that you [are] speaking with me.

                                                      References for Judges 6:17

                                                        • x 6:17 - That is, Gideon
                                                        • y 6:17 - Literally "make a sign for me"
                                                          18 Please, do not depart from here until I come [back] to you and bring out my gift and set it out before you." And he said, "I will stay until you return."

                                                          References for Judges 6:18

                                                            • z 6:18 - Or "in your presence"
                                                              19 And Gideon went and prepared {a young goat} and unleavened cakes [from] an ephah of flour; he put meat in a basket, and the broth he put in a pot, and he brought [them] to him under the oak and presented [them].

                                                              References for Judges 6:19

                                                                • { 6:19 - Literally "a kid of goat"
                                                                • | 6:19 - Or "terebinth"
                                                                  20 The angel of God said to him, "Take the meat and the unleavened cakes and put [them] on this rock; pour the broth [over it]." And he did so.
                                                                  21 Then the angel of Yahweh reached out the tip of the staff that [was] in his hand, and he touched the meat and the unleavened cakes; and fire went up from the rock and consumed the meat and the unleavened cakes. And the angel of Yahweh went {from his sight}.

                                                                  References for Judges 6:21

                                                                    • } 6:21 - Literally "from his eyes"
                                                                      22 And Gideon realized that he [was] the angel of Yahweh; and Gideon said, "Oh, my lord Yahweh! For now I have seen the angel of Yahweh face to face."
                                                                      23 And Yahweh said to him, "Peace be with you. Do not fear; you will not die."
                                                                      24 And Gideon built there an altar to Yahweh, and he called it "Yahweh [is] peace." To this day it is still in Ophrah [of the] Abiezrites.

                                                                      References for Judges 6:24

                                                                        • ~ 6:24 - Hebrew "Abiezrite"
                                                                          25 Now on that same night Yahweh said to him, "Take the bull of the cattle that belongs to your father, and a second bull seven years old, and pull down the altar of Baal that belongs to your father, and cut down the Asherah that is beside it;

                                                                          References for Judges 6:25

                                                                            •  6:25 - An Asherah is a cultic pole set up next to an altar symbolizing the goddess Asherah
                                                                              26 and build an altar to Yahweh your God on the top of this stronghold in the proper arrangement, and take a second bull and offer [it as] a burnt offering with the wood of the Asherah that you will cut down.

                                                                              References for Judges 6:26

                                                                                • € 6:26 - An Asherah is a cultic pole set up next to an altar symbolizing the goddess Asherah
                                                                                  27 Gideon took ten men from his servants, and he did just as Yahweh told him; and because he was too afraid of his {father's family} and the men of the city to do [it during] the day, he did [it during] night.

                                                                                  References for Judges 6:27

                                                                                    •  6:27 - Or "spoke to him"
                                                                                    • ‚ 6:27 - Literally "father's house"

                                                                                      Gideon Destroys the Altar of Baal

                                                                                      28 When the men of the city got up early in the morning, look, the altar of Baal and the Asherah that [was] beside it [were] cut down, and the second bull was offered on the altar that had been built.

                                                                                      References for Judges 6:28

                                                                                        • ƒ 6:28 - An Asherah is a cultic pole set up next to an altar symbolizing the goddess Asherah
                                                                                          29 {And they said to one another}, "Who did this thing?" So they searched and inquired, and they said, "Gideon son of Jehoash did this thing."

                                                                                          References for Judges 6:29

                                                                                            • „ 6:29 - Literally "And each man to his neighbor said"
                                                                                              30 And the men of the city said to Jehoash, "Bring out your son so that he may die, for he has pulled down the altar of Baal and cut down the Asherah that [was] beside it."
                                                                                              31 But Jehoash said to all who stood against him, "Will you contend for Baal? Will you rescue him? Whoever contends for him will be put to death by the morning. If he [is] a god, let him contend for himself because {his altar has been pulled down}."

                                                                                              References for Judges 6:31

                                                                                                • … 6:31 - Or "who arrayed against him"
                                                                                                • † 6:31 - Literally "because he has pulled down his altar"; the subject in Hebrew has not been specified
                                                                                                  32 Thus, on that day he was called Jerub-Baal, {which means}, "Let Baal contend against him," because he had pulled down his altar.

                                                                                                  References for Judges 6:32

                                                                                                    • ‡ 6:32 - That is, Gideon
                                                                                                    • ˆ 6:32 - Literally "saying"
                                                                                                      33 Then all the Midianites, Amalekites, and the people of [the] east gathered together and crossed [the Jordan]; and they camped in the valley of Jezreel.

                                                                                                      References for Judges 6:33

                                                                                                        • ‰ 6:33 - Hebrew "Midianite"
                                                                                                        • Š 6:33 - Hebrew "Amalekite"
                                                                                                          34 So the Spirit of Yahweh {took possession of} Gideon, and he blew on the trumpet, and [the] Abiezrites were called to follow him.

                                                                                                          References for Judges 6:34

                                                                                                            • ‹ 6:34 - Literally "clothed"
                                                                                                            • Œ 6:34 - Hebrew "Abiezerite"
                                                                                                              35 He sent messengers throughout all Manasseh, and they were also called to follow him; and he sent messengers throughout Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali, and they went up to meet them.

                                                                                                              Gideon Tests Yahweh With the Fleece

                                                                                                              36 Then Gideon said to God, "In order to see that you will deliver Israel by my hand, just as you have said,

                                                                                                              References for Judges 6:36

                                                                                                                  37 I will place a fleece of wool on the threshing floor. If there is dew on the fleece only, and all of the ground [is] dry, I will know that you will deliver Israel by my hand, just as you have said."
                                                                                                                  38 And it was so. He arose early the next day and squeezed the fleece, and he wrung out dew from the fleece, a full drinking bowl of water.
                                                                                                                  39 And Gideon said to God, "{Do not let your anger burn} against me; let me speak once more. Please let me test once more with the fleece; let the fleece be dry, and let there be dew on the ground."

                                                                                                                  References for Judges 6:39

                                                                                                                    •  6:39 - Literally "Do not let your nose become hot"
                                                                                                                      40 And God did so that night; only the fleece was dry, and dew was on all the ground.