Judges 8 LEB

Gideon Pursues Zebah and Zalmunna

1 The men of Ephraim said to him, "What [is] this thing you have done to us, not calling us when you went to fight against the Midianites?"a And they quarreled with him severely.

References for Judges 8:1

    • Ň 8:1 - Hebrew "Midianite"
      2 And he said to them, "What I have done now in comparison with you? Are not the gleanings of Ephraim better than the grape harvest of Abiezer?
      3 God has given into your hand the commanders of Midian, Oreb, and Zeeb. What have I been able to do in comparison with you?" And their {anger}b against him subsided when {he said that}.c

      References for Judges 8:3

        • ň 8:3 - Literally "spirit"
        • ʼn 8:3 - Literally "he said this thing/word"
          4 Then Gideon came to the Jordan, crossing it with the three hundred men who [were] with him, weary and pursuing.
          5 He said to the men of Succoth, "Please give loaves of bread to the people who [are] {following me},d for they [are] weary, and I am pursuing Zebah and Zalmunna, the kings of Midian."

          References for Judges 8:5

            • Ŋ 8:5 - Literally "at my feet"
              6 The officials of Succoth said, "Is the hande of Zebah and Zalmunna in your hand now, that we should give bread to your army?"

              References for Judges 8:6

                • ŋ 8:6 - Or "palm"
                  7 Gideon said, "Well then, when Yahweh gives Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand, I will trample your flesh with the thorns and briers of the wilderness."
                  8 He went from there [to] Penuel, and he spoke similarly to them; and the men of Penuel answered him just as the men of Succoth answered.
                  9 And he said also to the men of Penuel, saying, "When I return {safely},f I will tear down this tower."

                  References for Judges 8:9

                    • Ō 8:9 - Literally "in peace"
                      10 Now Zebah and Zalmunna [were] in Karkor, and their armies with them, about fifteen thousand men remained from the entire armyg of the people of [the] east; those that fell [in battle were] one hundred and twenty thousand {swordsmen}.h

                      References for Judges 8:10

                        • ō 8:10 - Or "camp"
                        • Ŏ 8:10 - Literally "sword-drawing men"
                          11 And Gideon went up the route of those who dwell in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and he attacked the armyi when it was off its guard.j

                          References for Judges 8:11

                            • ŏ 8:11 - Or "camp"
                            • Ő 8:11 - Or "unsuspecting"
                              12 And Zebah and Zalmunna fled, and he pursued them and captured the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and he routedk the entire army.l

                              References for Judges 8:12

                                • ő 8:12 - Or "he frightened" or "he threw into panic"
                                • Œ 8:12 - Or "camp"
                                  13 Then Gideon son of Jehoash returned from the battle {by way of}m the ascent of Heres.n

                                  References for Judges 8:13

                                    • œ 8:13 - Literally "from"
                                    • Ŕ 8:13 - Or "pass of Heres"
                                      14 He captured a young man {from Succoth}o and questioned him. [The young man] listedp for him the commanders of Succoth and its elders, seventy-seven men.

                                      References for Judges 8:14

                                        • ŕ 8:14 - Literally "from the men of Succoth"
                                        • Ŗ 8:14 - Or "wrote down"
                                          15 He came to the men of Succoth, and he said, "Here [is] Zebah and Zalmunna, about whom you taunted me, saying, '[Is] the palmq of Zebah and Zalmunna in your hand now, that we should give food to your weary men?'"

                                          References for Judges 8:15

                                            • ŗ 8:15 - Or "hand"
                                              16 He took the elders of the city and [the] thorn bushes and briers of the wilderness, and {he trampled}r the men of Succoth with them.

                                              References for Judges 8:16

                                                • Ř 8:16 - Literally "he taught," but see v. 7
                                                  17 He broke down the tower of Penuel, and he killed the men of the city.
                                                  18 And he said to Zebah and Zalmunna, "What type [were] the men whom you killed at Tabor?" And they said, "{They were like you};s each [one of them] had the appearance of the sons of the king."

                                                  References for Judges 8:18

                                                    • ř 8:18 - Literally, "like you, like them"
                                                      19 He said, "They [were] my brothers, the sons of my mother. As Yahweh lives, if you had kept them alive I would not kill you."
                                                      20 And he said to Jether, his firstborn, "Get up, kill them." But the boy did not draw his sword, for he was afraid because he [was] still a boy.
                                                      21 Zebah and Zalmunna said, "Get up yourself, and strike us, for as [is] the man, so [is] his power."t So Gideon got up and killed Zebah and Zalmunna, and he took the crescent ornaments that were on the necks of their camels.

                                                      References for Judges 8:21

                                                        • Ś 8:21 - Or "strength"
                                                          22 The men of Israel said to Gideon, "Rule over us, both you and your sons, and your sons' son, for you have delivered us from the hand of Midian.
                                                          23 But Gideon said to them, "I will not rule over you, and my son will not rule over you; Yahweh will rule over you."
                                                          24 And Gideon said to them, "{Let me make a request of you},u that each of you give to me an ornamental ring from his plunder." (They [had] ornamental rings of gold, because they [were] Ishmaelites.)

                                                          References for Judges 8:24

                                                            • ś 8:24 - Literally "Let me ask from you a request"
                                                              25 They said, "We will gladly give [them]," and they spread out a garment, and everyone threw there an ornamental ring of his plunder.
                                                              26 The weight of the ornamental rings of gold that he requested [was] one thousand seven hundred [shekels of] gold, apart from the crescents, pendants, and purple garments that [were] on the kings of Midian, and apart from the pendants that [were] on the necks of their camels.
                                                              27 Gideon made an ephod [out of] it, and he put it in his town in Ophrah, and all Israel prostituted [themselves] to it there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his family.
                                                              28 And Midian was subdued before the {Israelites},v and they did not again lift up their head, and the land rested for forty years in the days of Gideon.

                                                              References for Judges 8:28

                                                                • Ŝ 8:28 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"

                                                                  The Death of Gideon

                                                                  29 Jerub-Baal son of Joash lived in his own house.

                                                                  References for Judges 8:29

                                                                      30 Now Gideon had seventy sons, {his own offspring},w for he had many wives.

                                                                      References for Judges 8:30

                                                                        • ŝ 8:30 - Literally "from his own loins"
                                                                          31 His concubine who [was] in Shechem also bore for him a son, and {he named him}x Abimelech.

                                                                          References for Judges 8:31

                                                                            • Ş 8:31 - Literally "he set his name"
                                                                              32 And Gideon son of Joash died at a good old age, and he was buried in the tomb of Jehoash his father, in Ophrah [of] the Abiezrites.y

                                                                              References for Judges 8:32

                                                                                • ş 8:32 - Hebrew "Abiezrite"
                                                                                  33 And it happened, as soon as Gideon died, the {Israelites}z returned and prostituted [themselves] after the Baals, and they made for themselves Baal-Berith as god.

                                                                                  References for Judges 8:33

                                                                                    • Š 8:33 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                                                                                      34 The {Israelites}{ did not remember Yahweh their God, who had delivered them from the hand of their enemies from all around,

                                                                                      References for Judges 8:34

                                                                                        • š 8:34 - Literally "sons/children of Israel"
                                                                                          35 nor did they show favor| to the house of Jerub-Baal ([that is], Gideon) in accordance with all the good that he did for Israel.

                                                                                          References for Judges 8:35

                                                                                            • Ţ 8:35 - Or "loyalty"