Romans 4 LEB

Abraham’s Faith Counted as Righteousness

1 What then shall we say [that] Abraham, our ancestor according to the flesh, has found?

References for Romans 4:1

      2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God.
      3 For what does the scripture say? "And Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him for righteousness."a

      References for Romans 4:3

        • „ 4:3 - A quotation from Gen 15:6
          4 Now to the one who works, his pay is not credited according to grace, but according to his due.
          5 But to the one who does not work, but who believes in the one who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited for righteousness,
          6 just as David also speaks about the blessing of the person to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
          7 "Blessed [are they] whose lawless deeds have been forgiven, and whose sins are covered over.
          8 Blessed [is] the person against whom the Lord will never count sin."b

          References for Romans 4:8

            • … 4:8 - A quotation from Ps 32:1-2
              9 Therefore, [is] this blessing for {those who are circumcised}c, or also for {those who are uncircumcised}d? For we say, "Faith was credited to Abraham for righteousness."e

              References for Romans 4:9

                • † 4:9 - Literally "the circumcision"
                • ‡ 4:9 - Literally "the uncircumcision"
                • ˆ 4:9 - A quotation from Gen 15:6
                  10 How then was it credited? [While he]f was {circumcised}g or {uncircumcised}h? Not {while circumcised}i but {while uncircumcised}j!

                  References for Romans 4:10

                    • ‰ 4:10 - *Here "[while]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("was") which is understood as temporal
                    • Š 4:10 - Literally "in circumcision"
                    • ‹ 4:10 - Literally "in uncircumcision"
                    • Œ 4:10 - Literally "in circumcision"
                    •  4:10 - Literally "in uncircumcision"
                      11 And he received the sign of circumcision [as] a sealk of the righteousness by faith which [he had] {while uncircumcised}l, so that he could be the father of all who believe {although they are uncircumcised}m, so that righteousness could be credited to them,n

                      References for Romans 4:11

                        • Ž 4:11 - Or "confirmation"
                        •  4:11 - Literally "in uncircumcision"
                        •  4:11 - Literally "through uncircumcision"
                        • ‘ 4:11 - Some manuscripts have "could be credited to them also"
                          12 and the father {of those who are circumcised}o to those who are not only from the circumcision, but who also follow in the footsteps of the faith of our father Abraham {which he had while uncircumcised}p.

                          References for Romans 4:12

                            • ’ 4:12 - Literally "of the circumcision"
                            • “ 4:12 - Literally "of the in uncircumcision faith of our father Abraham"

                              The Promise to Abraham Secured through Faith

                              13 For the promise to Abraham or to his descendants, [that] he would be heir of the world, [was] not through the law, but through the righteousness by faith.

                              References for Romans 4:13

                                  14 For if those of the law [are] heirs, faith is rendered void and the promise is nullified.
                                  15 For the law produces wrath, but where [there] is no law, neither [is there] transgression.
                                  16 Because of this, [it is] by faith, in order that [it may be] according to grace, so that the promise may be secure to all the descendants, not only to those of the law, but also to those of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all
                                  17 (just as it is written, "I have made you the father of many nations")q before God, in whom he believed, the one who makes the dead alive and who calls the things that are not as [though] they are,

                                  References for Romans 4:17

                                    • ” 4:17 - A quotation from Gen 17:5
                                      18 who against hope believed in hope, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was said, "so will your descendants be."r

                                      References for Romans 4:18

                                        • • 4:18 - A quotation from Gen 15:5
                                          19 And not being weak in faith, he considered his own body as good as dead, s [because he]t was approximately a hundred years old, and the deadness of Sarah's womb.

                                          References for Romans 4:19

                                            • – 4:19 - Some manuscripts have "already as good as dead"
                                            • — 4:19 - *Here "[because]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("was") which is understood as causal
                                              20 And he did not waver in unbelief at the promise of God, but was strengthened in faith, giving glory to God
                                              21 and being fully convinced that what he had promised, he was also able to do.
                                              22 Thereforeu it was credited to him for righteousness.

                                              References for Romans 4:22

                                                • ˜ 4:22 - Some manuscripts have "Therefore, indeed,"
                                                  23 But it was not written for the sake of him alone that it was credited to him,
                                                  24 but also for the sake of us to whom it is going to be credited, to those who believe in the one who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead,
                                                  25 who was handed over on account of our trespasses, and was raised up in the interest of our justification.v

                                                  References for Romans 4:25

                                                    • ™ 4:25 - Or "vindication"; or "acquittal"