Romans 9:18 LEB

18 Consequently therefore, he has mercy on whomever he wishes, and he hardens whomever he wishes.

Study tools for Romans 9:18

  • a 9:5 - Literally "for eternity"
  • b 9:7 - A quotation from Gen 21:12
  • c 9:8 - Literally "of the flesh"
  • d 9:9 - Literally "there will be to Sarah"
  • e 9:9 - A quotation from Gen 18:10, 14
  • f 9:10 - *Here "[when]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("having conception" = "conceived") which is understood as temporal
  • g 9:10 - Or perhaps "by one [act of sexual intercourse]"
  • h 9:11 - *Here "[although]" is supplied as a component of the participle ("been born") which is understood as concessive
  • i 9:12 - A quotation from Gen 25:23
  • j 9:13 - A quotation from Mal 1:2-3
  • k 9:14 - *The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
  • l 9:15 - A quotation from Exod 33:19
  • m 9:16 - Literally "not of the"
  • n 9:17 - A quotation from Exod 9:16
  • o 9:19 - Or "who resists"
  • p 9:20 - A quotation from Isa 29:16; 45:9
  • q 9:21 - Literally "honor"
  • r 9:21 - Literally "dishonor"
  • s 9:23 - *The words "he did so" are not in the Greek text, but are an understood repetition from the previous clause
  • t 9:26 - A quotation from Hos 1:10
  • u 9:28 - Literally "for the Lord will act, closing the account and cutting short"
  • v 9:28 - A paraphrased quotation from Isa 10:22-23
  • w 9:32 - Literally "stone of stumbling"