In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar--when Pontius Pilate1 was governor of Judea, Herod2 tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and Traconitis, and Lysanias tetrarch of Abilene--
during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas,3 the word of God came to John4 son of Zechariah5 in the desert.
He went into all the country around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.6
As is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet: "A voice of one calling in the desert, 'Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him.
Every valley shall be filled in, every mountain and hill made low. The crooked roads shall become straight, the rough ways smooth.
And all mankind will see God's salvation.' "7
John said to the crowds coming out to be baptized by him, "You brood of vipers!8 Who warned you to flee from the coming wrath?9
Produce fruit in keeping with repentance. And do not begin to say to yourselves, 'We have Abraham as our father.'10 For I tell you that out of these stones God can raise up children for Abraham.
The ax is already at the root of the trees, and every tree that does not produce good fruit will be cut down and thrown into the fire."11
"What should we do then?"12 the crowd asked.
John answered, "The man with two tunics should share with him who has none, and the one who has food should do the same."13