Matthew 12:38-48 NIV

The Sign of Jonah

12:39-42pp -- Lk 11:29-32 12:43-45pp -- Lk 11:24-26

38 Then some of the Pharisees and teachers of the law said to him, "Teacher, we want to see a miraculous sign1 from you."2

References for Matthew 12:38

39 He answered, "A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a miraculous sign! But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.3

References for Matthew 12:39

40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish,4 so the Son of Man5 will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.6

References for Matthew 12:40

41 The men of Nineveh7 will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for they repented at the preaching of Jonah,8 and now onea greater than Jonah is here.

References for Matthew 12:41

    • e 12:41 - Or "something"; also in verse 42
      42 The Queen of the South will rise at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for she came9 from the ends of the earth to listen to Solomon's wisdom, and now one greater than Solomon is here.

      References for Matthew 12:42

      43 "When an evilb spirit comes out of a man, it goes through arid places seeking rest and does not find it.

      References for Matthew 12:43

        • f 12:43 - Greek "unclean"
          44 Then it says, 'I will return to the house I left.' When it arrives, it finds the house unoccupied, swept clean and put in order.
          45 Then it goes and takes with it seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and they go in and live there. And the final condition of that man is worse than the first.10 That is how it will be with this wicked generation."

          References for Matthew 12:45

          Jesus' Mother and Brothers

          12:46-50pp -- Mk 3:31-35; Lk 8:19-21

          46 While Jesus was still talking to the crowd, his mother11 and brothers12 stood outside, wanting to speak to him.
          47 Someone told him, "Your mother and brothers are standing outside, wanting to speak to you."c

          References for Matthew 12:47

            • g 12:47 - Some manuscripts do not have verse 47.
              48 He replied to him, "Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?"