Judah and Tamar

1 And it came about at that time, that Judah departed from his brothers and visited a certain 1Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.

References for Genesis 38:1

    • a 38:1 - Lit "went down"
    • b 38:1 - Lit "turned aside to"
      2 Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was 2Shua; and he took her and went in to her.

      References for Genesis 38:2

      3 So she conceived and bore a son and he named * him 3Er.

      References for Genesis 38:3

      4 Then she conceived again and bore a son and named * him 4Onan.

      References for Genesis 38:4

      5 She bore still another son and named * him 5Shelah; and it was at Chezib that she bore him.

      References for Genesis 38:5

        • c 38:5 - Lit "when"
          6 Now Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, and her name was Tamar.
          7 But 6Er, Judah's firstborn, was evil in the sight of the LORD, so the LORD took his life.

          References for Genesis 38:7

          8 Then Judah said to Onan, "7Go in to your brother's wife, and perform your duty as a brother-in-law to her, and raise up offspring for your brother."

          References for Genesis 38:8

          9 Onan knew that the 8offspring would not be his; so when he went in to his brother's wife, he wasted his seed on the ground in order not to give offspring to his brother.

          References for Genesis 38:9

            • e 38:9 - Lit "seed"
            • f 38:9 - Lit "spilled on the ground"
            • g 38:9 - Lit "seed"
              10 But what he did was displeasing in the sight of the LORD; so He 9took his life also.

              References for Genesis 38:10

              11 Then Judah said to his daughter-in-law Tamar, "10Remain a widow in your father's house until my son Shelah grows up"; for he thought, "I am afraid that he too may die like his brothers." So Tamar went and lived in her father's house.

              References for Genesis 38:11

              12 Now after a considerable time Shua's daughter, the wife of Judah, died; and when the time of mourning was ended, Judah went up to his sheepshearers * at 11Timnah, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.

              References for Genesis 38:12

                • i 38:12 - Lit "the days became many and"
                • j 38:12 - Lit "Judah was comforted, he"
                  13 It was told to Tamar, "Behold, your father-in-law is going up to 12Timnah to shear his sheep."

                  References for Genesis 38:13

                    • k 38:13 - Lit "saying, Behold"
                      14 So she removed her widow's garments and 13covered herself with a veil, and wrapped herself, and sat in the gateway of Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah had grown up, and 14she had not been given to him as a wife.

                      References for Genesis 38:14

                        • l 38:14 - Lit "removed from herself"
                        • m 38:14 - Or "shawl"
                        • n 38:14 - In Josh 15:34, "Enam"
                          15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a harlot, for she had covered her face.
                          16 So he turned aside to her by the road, and said, "Here now, let me come in to you"; for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. And she said, "What will you give me, that you may come in to me?"

                          References for Genesis 38:16

                            • o 38:16 - Or "Come, now"
                              17 He said, therefore, "I will send you a young * goat * from the flock." She said, moreover, "Will you give a pledge until you send it?"

                              References for Genesis 38:17

                                • p 38:17 - Lit "kid of goats"
                                  18 He said, "What pledge shall I give you?" And she said, "15Your seal and your cord, and your staff that is in your hand." So he gave them to her and went in to her, and she conceived by him.

                                  References for Genesis 38:18

                                  19 Then she arose and departed, and removed her veil and put on her widow's garments.

                                  References for Genesis 38:19

                                    • q 38:19 - Lit "removed from herself"
                                    • r 38:19 - Or "shawl"
                                      20 When Judah sent the young * goat * by his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the woman's hand, he did not find her.

                                      References for Genesis 38:20

                                        • s 38:20 - Lit "kid of goats by the hand of"
                                          21 He asked the men of her place, saying, "Where is the temple prostitute who was by the road at Enaim?" But they said, "There has been no temple prostitute here."
                                          22 So he returned to Judah, and said, "I did not find her; and furthermore, the men of the place said, 'There has been no temple prostitute here.' "
                                          23 Then Judah said, "Let her keep them, otherwise we will become a laughingstock. After all, I sent this young goat, but you did not find her."

                                          References for Genesis 38:23

                                            • t 38:23 - Lit "take for herself"
                                            • u 38:23 - Lit "Behold"
                                              24 Now it was about three months later that Judah was informed, "Your daughter-in-law Tamar has played the harlot, and behold, she is also with child by harlotry." Then Judah said, "Bring her out and 16let her be burned!"

                                              References for Genesis 38:24

                                                • v 38:24 - Lit "saying, Your"
                                                  25 It was while she was being brought out that she sent to her father-in-law, saying, "I am with child by the man to whom these things belong." And she said, "17Please examine and see, whose signet ring and cords and staff are these?"

                                                  References for Genesis 38:25

                                                  26 Judah recognized them, and said, "18She is more righteous than I, inasmuch * * as 19I did not give her to my son Shelah." And he did not have relations with her again *.

                                                  References for Genesis 38:26

                                                    • w 38:26 - Lit "know her yet again"
                                                      27 It came about at the time she was giving birth, that behold, there were 20twins in her womb.

                                                      References for Genesis 38:27

                                                      28 Moreover, it took place while she was giving birth, one put out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread on his hand, saying, "This one came out first."
                                                      29 But it came about as he drew back his hand, that behold, his brother came out. Then she said, "What a breach you have made for yourself!" So he was named * 21Perez.

                                                      References for Genesis 38:29

                                                      30 Afterward his brother came out who had the scarlet thread on his hand; and he was named * 22Zerah.

                                                      References for Genesis 38:30

                                                        • y 38:30 - I.e. a dawning or brightness