War against Jerusalem

1 Now it came about in the days of 1Ahaz, the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, that 2Rezin the king of Aram and 3Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel, went up to Jerusalem to wage war against it, but 4could not conquer * it.

References for Isaiah 7:1

2 When it was reported to the 5house of David, saying, "The Arameans 6have camped in 7Ephraim," his heart and the hearts of his people shook as the trees of the forest shake with the wind.

References for Isaiah 7:2

    • b 7:2 - Lit "has settled down on"
    • c 7:2 - Lit "from before"
      3 Then the LORD said to Isaiah, "Go out now to meet Ahaz, you and your son Shear-jashub, at the end of the 8conduit of the upper pool, on the highway to the fuller's field,

      References for Isaiah 7:3

        • d 7:3 - I.e. a remnant shall return
        • e 7:3 - I.e. laundryman's
          5 'Because * 14Aram, with Ephraim and the son of Remaliah, has planned evil against you, saying,

          References for Isaiah 7:5

          6 "Let us go up against Judah and terrorize it, and make for ourselves a breach in its walls and set up the son of Tabeel as king in the midst of it,"

          References for Isaiah 7:6

            • f 7:6 - Lit "cause it a sickening dread"
            • g 7:6 - Lit "it"
              7 thus says the Lord GOD: "15It shall not stand nor shall it come to pass.

              References for Isaiah 7:7

                • h 7:7 - Heb "YHWH," usually rendered LORD
                  8 "For the head of Aram is 16Damascus and the head of Damascus is Rezin (now within another 65 * years Ephraim will be shattered, so that it is no longer a people ),

                  References for Isaiah 7:8

                  9 and the head of Ephraim is Samaria and the head of Samaria is the son of Remaliah. 17If you will not believe, you surely shall not last.""'

                  References for Isaiah 7:9

                  The Child Immanuel

                  10 Then the LORD spoke again to Ahaz, saying,

                  References for Isaiah 7:10

                      11 "Ask a 18sign for yourself from the LORD your God; make it deep as Sheol or high as heaven."

                      References for Isaiah 7:11

                        • j 7:11 - So with the versions; M.T. "make the request deep or high"
                        • k 7:11 - Lit "heights"
                          12 But Ahaz said, "I will not ask, nor will I test the LORD!"
                          13 Then he said, "Listen now, O 19house of David! Is it too slight a thing for you to try the patience of men, that you will 20try the patience of 21my God as well?

                          References for Isaiah 7:13

                          14 "Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign: Behold, 22a virgin will be with child and bear a son, and she will call His name 23Immanuel.

                          References for Isaiah 7:14

                            • l 7:14 - Or "maiden"
                            • m 7:14 - I.e. God is with us
                              15 "He will eat 24curds and honey at the time He knows enough to refuse evil and choose good.

                              References for Isaiah 7:15

                                • n 7:15 - Lit "with respect to his knowing"
                                  16 "25For before the boy will know enough to refuse evil and choose good, 26the land whose two kings you dread will be forsaken.

                                  Trials to Come for Judah

                                  17 "The LORD will bring on you, on your people, and on your father's house such days as have never come since the day that 27Ephraim separated from Judah, the 28king of Assyria."
                                  18 In that day the LORD will 29whistle for the fly that is in the 30remotest part of the rivers of Egypt and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria.

                                  References for Isaiah 7:18

                                    • o 7:18 - Or "mouth of the rivers;" i.e. the Nile Delta
                                      19 They will all come and settle on the steep ravines, on the 31ledges of the cliffs, 32on all the thorn bushes and on all the watering places.

                                      References for Isaiah 7:19

                                        • p 7:19 - Or "wadis"
                                        • q 7:19 - Or "pastures"
                                          20 In that day the Lord will 33shave with a 34razor, 35hired from regions beyond 36the Euphrates (that is, with the king of Assyria ), the head and the hair of the legs; and it will also remove the beard.

                                          References for Isaiah 7:20

                                          21 Now in that day a man may keep alive a 37heifer and a pair of sheep;

                                          References for Isaiah 7:21

                                          22 and because of the abundance of the milk produced he will eat curds, for everyone that is left within the land will eat 38curds and honey.

                                          References for Isaiah 7:22

                                          23 And it will come about in that day, 39that every place where * there used to be a thousand vines, valued at a thousand shekels of silver, will become 40briars and thorns.

                                          References for Isaiah 7:23

                                          24 People will come there with bows and arrows because all the land will be briars and thorns.
                                          25 As for all the hills which used to be cultivated with the hoe, you will not go there for fear of briars and thorns; but they will become a place for 41pasturing oxen and for sheep to trample.

                                          References for Isaiah 7:25

                                            • s 7:25 - Lit "sending"