Jephthah and His Successors

1 Then the men of Ephraim were summoned, and they crossed to Zaphon and 1said to Jephthah, "Why did you cross over to fight against the sons of Ammon without calling us to go with you? We will burn your house down on you."

References for Judges 12:1

    • a 12:1 - Or "northward"
      2 Jephthah said to them, "I and my people were at great strife with the sons of Ammon; when I called you, you did not deliver me from their hand.
      3 "When I saw that you would not deliver me, I 2took my life in my hands and crossed over against the sons of Ammon, and the LORD gave them into my hand. Why then have you come up to me this day to fight against me?"

      References for Judges 12:3

        • b 12:3 - Lit "put my soul in my palm"
          4 Then Jephthah gathered all the men of Gilead and fought Ephraim; and the men of Gilead defeated Ephraim, because they said, "You are fugitives of Ephraim, O Gileadites, in the midst of Ephraim and in the midst of Manasseh."

          References for Judges 12:4

            • c 12:4 - Lit "smote"
              5 The Gileadites 3captured the fords of the Jordan opposite Ephraim. And it happened when any of the fugitives of Ephraim said, "Let me cross over," the men of Gilead would say to him, "Are you an Ephraimite?" If he said, "No,"

              References for Judges 12:5

              6 then they would say to him, "Say now, 'Shibboleth.' " But he said, "Sibboleth," for he could not pronounce it correctly. Then they seized him and slew him at the fords of the Jordan. Thus there fell at that time 42,000 * * of Ephraim.

              References for Judges 12:6

                • d 12:6 - Lit "speak so"
                  7 Jephthah judged Israel six years. Then Jephthah the Gileadite died and was buried in one of the cities of Gilead.
                  9 He had thirty sons, and thirty daughters whom he gave in marriage outside the family, and he brought in thirty daughters from outside for his sons. And he judged Israel seven years.

                  References for Judges 12:9

                    • e 12:9 - Lit "sent outside"
                      10 Then Ibzan died and was buried in Bethlehem.
                      11 Now Elon the Zebulunite judged Israel after him; and he judged Israel ten years.
                      12 Then Elon the Zebulunite died and was buried at Aijalon in the land of Zebulun.
                      13 Now Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite judged Israel after him.
                      14 He had forty sons and thirty grandsons who rode on seventy donkeys; and he judged Israel eight years.
                      15 Then Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite died and was buried at Pirathon in the land of Ephraim, in the hill country of the Amalekites.