They served in the days of Joiakim son of Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, and in the days of Nehemiah the governor and of Ezra the priest and scribe.
At the dedication1 of the wall of Jerusalem, the Levites were sought out from where they lived and were brought to Jerusalem to celebrate joyfully the dedication with songs of thanksgiving and with the music of cymbals,2 harps and lyres.3
References for Nehemiah 12:27
The singers also were brought together from the region around Jerusalem--from the villages of the Netophathites,4
References for Nehemiah 12:28
from Beth Gilgal, and from the area of Geba and Azmaveth, for the singers had built villages for themselves around Jerusalem.
When the priests and Levites had purified themselves ceremonially, they purified the people,5 the gates and the wall.
References for Nehemiah 12:30
I had the leaders of Judah go up on top of the wall. I also assigned two large choirs to give thanks. One was to proceed on top of the wall to the right, toward the Dung Gate.6
References for Nehemiah 12:31
Hoshaiah and half the leaders of Judah followed them,
along with Azariah, Ezra, Meshullam,
Judah, Benjamin,7 Shemaiah, Jeremiah,
References for Nehemiah 12:34
as well as some priests with trumpets,8 and also Zechariah son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph,
References for Nehemiah 12:35
and his associates--Shemaiah, Azarel, Milalai, Gilalai, Maai, Nethanel, Judah and Hanani--with musical instruments9 [ prescribed by] David the man of God.10 Ezra11 the scribe led the procession.
References for Nehemiah 12:36