1 Chronicles 1:1-23 NIV

Historical Records From Adam to Abraham

To Noah's Sons

1 Adam,1 Seth, Enosh,

References for 1 Chronicles 1:1

2 Kenan,2 Mahalalel,3 Jared,4

References for 1 Chronicles 1:2

3 Enoch,5 Methuselah,6 Lamech,7 Noah.8

References for 1 Chronicles 1:3

4 The sons of Noah:a9 Shem, Ham and Japheth.10

References for 1 Chronicles 1:4

    • a 1:4 - Septuagint; Hebrew does not have this line.

      The Japhethites

      1:5-7pp -- Ge 10:2-5

      5 The sonsb of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras.

      References for 1 Chronicles 1:5

        • b 1:5 - "Sons" may mean "descendants" or "successors" or "nations"; also in verses 6-10, 17 and 20.
          6 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphathc and Togarmah.

          References for 1 Chronicles 1:6

            • c 1:6 - Many Hebrew manuscripts and Vulgate (see also Septuagint and Gen. 10:3); most Hebrew manuscripts "Diphath"
              7 The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittim and the Rodanim.

              The Hamites

              1:8-16pp -- Ge 10:6-20

              8 The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim,d Put and Canaan.

              References for 1 Chronicles 1:8

                • d 1:8 - That is, Egypt; also in verse 11
                  9 The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.
                  10 Cush was the fathere of Nimrod, who grew to be a mighty warrior on earth.

                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:10

                    • e 1:10 - "Father" may mean "ancestor" or "predecessor" or "founder"; also in verses 11, 13, 18 and 20.
                      11 Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,
                      12 Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.
                      13 Canaan was the father of Sidon his firstborn,f and of the Hittites,

                      References for 1 Chronicles 1:13

                        • f 1:13 - Or "of the Sidonians, the foremost"
                          14 Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites,
                          15 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,
                          16 Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites.

                          The Semites

                          1:17-23pp -- Ge 10:21-31; 11:10-27

                          17 The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram. The sons of Aram:g Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshech.

                          References for 1 Chronicles 1:17

                            • g 1:17 - One Hebrew manuscript and some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Gen. 10:23); most Hebrew manuscripts do not have this line.
                              18 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah the father of Eber.
                              19 Two sons were born to Eber: One was named Peleg,h because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan.

                              References for 1 Chronicles 1:19

                                • h 1:19 - "Peleg" means "division."
                                  20 Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
                                  21 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
                                  22 Obal,i Abimael, Sheba,

                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:22

                                    • i 1:22 - Some Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac (see also Gen. 10:28); most Hebrew manuscripts "Ebal"
                                      23 Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan.