And he is also the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.
It was not through law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise1 that he would be heir of the world,2 but through the righteousness that comes by faith.314
For if those who live by law are heirs, faith has no value and the promise is worthless,415
because law brings wrath.5 And where there is no law there is no transgression.616
Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace7 and may be guaranteed8 to all Abraham's offspring--not only to those who are of the law but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham. He is the father of us all.917
As it is written: "I have made you a father of many nations."a10 He is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believed--the God who gives life11 to the dead and calls12 things that are not13 as though they were.
Against all hope, Abraham in hope believed and so became the father of many nations,14 just as it had been said to him, "So shall your offspring be."b1519
Without weakening in his faith, he faced the fact that his body was as good as dead16--since he was about a hundred years old17--and that Sarah's womb was also dead.1820
Yet he did not waver through unbelief regarding the promise of God, but was strengthened19 in his faith and gave glory to God,2021
being fully persuaded that God had power to do what he had promised.2122
This is why "it was credited to him as righteousness."22