Romans 9:11-27 NIV

11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad—in order that God’s purpose in election might stand:

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      12 not by works but by him who calls—she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”a

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      13 Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”b

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      14 What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all!

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      15 For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”c

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        •  9:15 - Exodus 33:19
          16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God’s mercy.

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          17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: “I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”d

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          18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.

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          19 One of you will say to me: “Then why does God still blame us? For who is able to resist his will?”

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          20 But who are you, a human being, to talk back to God? “Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it, ‘Why did you make me like this?’ ”e

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            • ’ 9:20 - Isaiah 29:16; 45:9
              21 Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?

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              22 What if God, although choosing to show his wrath and make his power known, bore with great patience the objects of his wrath—prepared for destruction?

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              23 What if he did this to make the riches of his glory known to the objects of his mercy, whom he prepared in advance for glory—

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              24 even us, whom he also called, not only from the Jews but also from the Gentiles?

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              25 As he says in Hosea: “I will call them ‘my people’ who are not my people; and I will call her ‘my loved one’ who is not my loved one,”f

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              26 and, “In the very place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ there they will be called ‘children of the living God.’ ”g

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              27 Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: “Though the number of the Israelites be like the sand by the sea, only the remnant will be saved.

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