14 What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all!
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15 For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”a
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16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God’s mercy.
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17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: “I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”b
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18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.
19 One of you will say to me: “Then why does God still blame us? For who is able to resist his will?”
20 But who are you, a human being, to talk back to God? “Shall what is formed say to the one who formed it, ‘Why did you make me like this?’ ”c
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21 Does not the potter have the right to make out of the same lump of clay some pottery for special purposes and some for common use?
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22 What if God, although choosing to show his wrath and make his power known, bore with great patience the objects of his wrath—prepared for destruction?
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23 What if he did this to make the riches of his glory known to the objects of his mercy, whom he prepared in advance for glory—
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