In those days Mattathias the son of John, the son of Simeon, a priest of the sons of Joarib, arose from Jerusalem and dwelt in Modin.
And he had five sons: John called Gaddi,
Simon called Thassi,
Judas who was called Maccabeus,
Eleazar called Avaran, and Jonathan whose surname was Apphus.
And when he saw the blasphemies that were committed in Judah and Jerusalem,
he said, "Woe is me! Why was I born to see this misery of my people and of the holy city, and to dwell there when it was delivered into the hand of the enemy, and the sanctuary into the hand of strangers?
Her temple has become as a man without glory;
her glorious vessels are carried away into captivity; her infants are slain in the streets, her young men with the sword of the enemy.
What nation hath not had a part of her kingdom and gotten of her spoils?
All her ornaments are taken away; from a free woman she has become a bondslave.
And, behold, our sanctuary, even our beauty and our glory, is laid waste; and the Gentiles have profaned it.
To what end therefore shall we live any longer?"
Then Mattathias and his sons rent their clothes and put on sackcloth, and mourned very sorely.
In the meanwhile the king's officers, such as compelled the people to revolt, came into the city of Modin to make them sacrifice.
And when many of Israel came unto them, Mattathias also and his sons came together.
Then answered the king's officers, and said to Mattathias in this manner: "Thou art a ruler, and an honorable and great man in this city, and strengthened with sons and brethren.
Now therefore come thou first and fulfill the king's commandment, as all the heathen have done, yea, and the men of Judah also and such as remain at Jerusalem. So shalt thou and thy house be in the number of the king's friends, and thou and thy children shall be honored with silver and gold and many rewards."
Then Mattathias answered and spoke with a loud voice: "Though all the nations that are under the king's dominion obey him, and fall away every one from the religion of their fathers, and give consent to his commandments,
yet will I and my sons and my brethren walk in the covenant of our fathers.
God forbid that we should forsake the law and the ordinances.
We will not hearken to the king's words, to go from our religion either on the right hand or the left."
Now when he had left off speaking these words, there came one of the Jews in the sight of all to sacrifice on the altar which was at Modin, according to the king's commandment.
When Mattathias saw this, he was inflamed with zeal and his reins trembled, neither could he forbear to show his anger according to judgment. Therefore he ran and slew him upon the altar.
Also the king's commissioner, who compelled men to sacrifice, he killed at that time, and the altar he pulled down.
Thus dealt he zealously for the law of God as Phinehas did unto Zimri the son of Salu.
And Mattathias cried throughout the city with a loud voice, saying, "Whosoever is zealous for the law and maintaineth the covenant, let him follow me!"
So he and his sons fled into the mountains, and left all that ever they had in the city.
Then many who sought after justice and judgment went down into the wilderness to dwell there,
both they and their children and their wives and their cattle, because afflictions increased sorely upon them.
Now when it was told the king's servants, and the host that was at Jerusalem in the City of David, that certain men who had broken the king's commandment had gone down into the secret places in the wilderness,
a great number pursued after them and, having overtaken them, they encamped against them and made war against them on the Sabbath day.
And they said unto them, "Let that which ye have done hitherto suffice. Come forth and do according to the commandment of the king, and ye shall live."
But they said, "We will not come forth, neither will we do the king's commandment to profane the Sabbath day."
So then they engaged them in battle with all speed.
However they answered them not, neither cast they a stone at them nor shut up the places where they lay hidden,
but said, "Let us all die in our innocency. Heaven and earth shall testify for us that you put us to death wrongfully."
So they rose up against them in battle on the Sabbath, and they slew them, with their wives and children and their cattle, to the number of a thousand people.
Now when Mattathias and his friends learned of this, they mourned for them sorely.
And one of them said to another, "If we all do as our brethren have done, and fight not for our lives and laws against the heathen, they will now quickly root us out of the earth."
At that time therefore they decreed, saying, "Whosoever shall come to do battle with us on the Sabbath day, we will fight against him; neither will we all die, as our brethren who were murdered in the secret places."
Then came there unto him a company of Hasideans who were mighty men of Israel, even all such as were voluntarily devoted unto the law.
Also all those who fled from persecution joined themselves unto them, and were a stay unto them.
So they joined their forces, and smote sinful men in their anger and wicked men in their wrath; but the rest fled to the heathen for succor.
Then Mattathias and his friends went round about and pulled down the altars;
and what children soever they found within the borders of Israel uncircumcised, those they circumcised valiantly.
They pursued also after the proud men, and the work prospered in their hand.
So they recovered the law out of the hand of the Gentiles and out of the hand of kings, neither suffered they the sinner to triumph.
Now when the time drew near that Mattathias should die, he said unto his sons, "Now hath pride and disgrace gotten strength, and the time of destruction and the wrath of indignation.
Now therefore, my sons, be ye zealous for the law, and give your lives for the covenant of your fathers.
Call to remembrance what acts our fathers did in their time; so shall ye receive great honor and an everlasting name.
"Was not Abraham found faithful in temptation, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness?
Joseph in the time of his distress kept the commandment, and was made lord of Egypt.
Phinehas our father, in being zealous and fervent, obtained the covenant of an everlasting priesthood.
Joshua, for fulfilling the word, was made a judge in Israel.
Caleb, for bearing witness before the congregation, received the heritage of the land.
David, for being merciful, possessed the throne of an everlasting kingdom.
Elijah, for being zealous and fervent for the law, was taken up into heaven.
Hananiah, Azariah, and Mishael, by believing, were saved out of the flame.
Daniel, for his innocency, was delivered from the mouth of lions.
"And thus consider ye throughout all ages, that none who put their trust in Him shall be overcome.
Fear not then the words of a sinful man, for his glory shall be dung and worms.
Today he shall be lifted up and tomorrow he shall not be found, because he has returned into his dust, and his thought has come to nothing.
Therefore, you my sons, be valiant and show yourselves men on the behalf of the law; for by it shall you obtain glory.
"And behold, I know that your brother Simon is a man of counsel. Give ear unto him always; he shall be a father unto you.
As for Judas Maccabeus, he hath been mighty and strong, even from his youth up. Let him be your captain, and fight the battle of the people.
Take also unto you all those who observe the law, and avenge ye the wrong of your people.
Recompense fully the heathen, and take heed to the commandments of the law."
So he blessed them, and was gathered to his fathers.
And he died in the hundred forty and sixth year. And his sons buried him in the sepulchers of his fathers at Modin, and all Israel made great lamentation for him.