Esther 3 TNIV

Haman's Plot to Destroy the Jews

1 After these events, King Xerxes honored Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite,1 elevating him and giving him a seat of honor higher than that of all the other nobles.

References for Esther 3:1

2 All the royal officials at the king's gate knelt down and paid honor to Haman, for the king had commanded this concerning him. But Mordecai would not kneel down or pay him honor.
3 Then the royal officials at the king's gate asked Mordecai, "Why do you disobey the king's command?"2

References for Esther 3:3

4 Day after day they spoke to him but he refused to comply.3 Therefore they told Haman about it to see whether Mordecai's behavior would be tolerated, for he had told them he was a Jew.

References for Esther 3:4

5 When Haman saw that Mordecai would not kneel down or pay him honor, he was enraged.4

References for Esther 3:5

6 Yet having learned who Mordecai's people were, he scorned the idea of killing only Mordecai. Instead Haman looked for a way5 to destroy6 all Mordecai's people, the Jews,7 throughout the whole kingdom of Xerxes.

References for Esther 3:6

7 In the twelfth year of King Xerxes, in the first month, the month of Nisan, the "pur"8 (that is, the lot9) was cast in the presence of Haman to select a day and month. And the lot fell ona the twelfth month, the month of Adar.10

References for Esther 3:7

    • a 3:7 - Septuagint; Hebrew does not have "And the lot fell on."
      8 Then Haman said to King Xerxes, "There is a certain people dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom who keep themselves separate. Their customs11 are different from those of all other people, and they do not obey12 the king's laws; it is not in the king's best interest to tolerate them.13

      References for Esther 3:8

      9 If it pleases the king, let a decree be issued to destroy them, and I will give ten thousand talentsb of silver to the king's administrators for the royal treasury."14

      References for Esther 3:9

        • b 3:9 - That is, about 375 tons or about 335 metric tons
          10 So the king took his signet ring15 from his finger and gave it to Haman son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews.

          References for Esther 3:10

          11 "Keep the money," the king said to Haman, "and do with the people as you please."
          12 Then on the thirteenth day of the first month the royal secretaries were summoned. They wrote out in the script of each province and in the language16 of each people all Haman's orders to the king's satraps, the governors of the various provinces and the nobles of the various peoples. These were written in the name of King Xerxes himself and sealed17 with his own ring.

          References for Esther 3:12

          13 Dispatches were sent by couriers to all the king's provinces with the order to destroy, kill and annihilate all the Jews18--young and old, women and children--on a single day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, the month of Adar,19 and to plunder20 their goods.

          References for Esther 3:13

          14 A copy of the text of the edict was to be issued as law in every province and made known to the people of every nationality so they would be ready for that day.21

          References for Esther 3:14

          15 The couriers went out, spurred on by the king's command, and the edict was issued in the citadel of Susa.22 The king and Haman sat down to drink,23 but the city of Susa was bewildered.24

          References for Esther 3:15