He established written instructions for Jacob's people. He gave his teachings to Israel. He commanded our ancestors to make them known to their children
so that the next generation would know them. Children yet to be born [would learn them]. They will grow up and tell their children
to trust God, to remember what he has done, and to obey his commands.
Then they will not be like their ancestors, a stubborn and rebellious generation. Their hearts were not loyal. Their spirits were not faithful to God.
The men of Ephraim, well-equipped with bows [and arrows], turned [and ran] on the day of battle.
They had not been faithful to God's promise. They refused to follow his teachings.
They forgot what he had done-- the miracles that he had shown them.
In front of their ancestors he performed miracles in the land of Egypt, in the fields of Zoan.
He divided the sea and led them through it. He made the waters stand up like a wall.
He guided them by a cloud during the day and by a fiery light throughout the night.
He split rocks in the desert. He gave them plenty to drink, an ocean of water.