What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? May it never be!
For he said to Moshe, "I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion."
So then it is not of him who wills, nor of him who runs, but of God who has mercy.
For the Scripture says to Par`oh, "For this very purpose I caused you to be raised up, that I might show in you my power, and that my name might be published abroad in all the eretz."
So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires.
You will say then to me, "Why does he still find fault? For who withstands his will?"
But no, man, who are you who replies against God? Will the thing formed ask him who formed it, "Why did you make me like this?"
Or hasn't the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel for honor, and another for dishonor?
What if God, willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much patience vessels of wrath made for destruction,
and that he might make known the riches of his glory on vessels of mercy, which he prepared beforehand for glory,
us, whom he also called, not from the Yehudim only, but also from the Goyim?
As he says also in Hoshea, "I will call them 'my people,' which were not my people; And her 'beloved,' who was not beloved."
"It will be that in the place where it was said to them, 'You are not my people,' There they will be called 'sons of the living God.'"
Yesha`yahu cries concerning Yisra'el, "If the number of the children of Yisra'el are as the sand of the sea, It is the remnant who will be saved;
For He will finish the work and cut it short in righteousness, Because the LORD will make a short work upon the eretz."
As Yesha`yahu has said before, "Unless the Lord of Hosts had left us a seed, We would have become like Sedom, And would have been made like `Amorah."
What shall we say then? That the Goyim, who didn't follow after righteousness, attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith;
but Yisra'el, following after a law of righteousness, didn't arrive at the law of righteousness.
Why? Because they didn't seek it by faith, but as it were by works of the law. They stumbled over the stumbling stone;
even as it is written, "Behold, I lay in Tziyon a stumbling stone and a rock of offense; And no one who believes in him will be put to shame."