Psalms 21:1-7

For the director of music. A psalm of David.

1 [a]The king rejoices in your strength, LORD. How great is his joy in the victories you give!
2 You have granted him his heart’s desire and have not withheld the request of his lips.[b]
3 You came to greet him with rich blessings and placed a crown of pure gold on his head.
4 He asked you for life, and you gave it to him— length of days, for ever and ever.
5 Through the victories you gave, his glory is great; you have bestowed on him splendor and majesty.
6 Surely you have granted him unending blessings and made him glad with the joy of your presence.
7 For the king trusts in the LORD; through the unfailing love of the Most High he will not be shaken.

Psalms 21:1-7 Meaning and Commentary

To the chief Musician, a Psalm of David. This psalm was either written by David; and therefore called a "psalm of David"; or it was written, as it may be rendered, "for David," by some other person, on account of his victories and triumphs; or rather "concerning David" {s}; that is, concerning the Messiah, the son of David, as Kimchi says some expound it; or concerning the Messiah, who is called David, Ezekiel 37:24; and Jarchi observes, that their Rabbins interpret it of the Messiah; but, says he, it is right to explain it, moreover, of David himself, for an answer to the heretics (Christians) who err in it; and various passages in this psalm are by the Jewish writers understood of the Messiah; as "the King," in Psalm 20:1 is in the Targum called the King Messiah; Psalm 21:4 is in the Talmud applied {t} to him; Psalm 21:3 are in Zohar {u}, and in the Midrashes {w}, interpreted of him; and many Christian writers understand the whole of him; which is right: though Theodoret thinks it was penned on the account of the health of King Hezekiah, and his restoration from his disease; which is not likely.

{s} dwdl "pro Davide, vel de Davide," Vatablus. {t} T. Bab. Succah, fol. 52. 1. Vid. Nachman. disput. "cum fratre Paulo," p. 36. Ed. Wagenseil. {u} In Numb. fol. 68. 3. 4. {w} Midrash Tillim apud Viccars. in loc. & in Galatin. l. 3. c. 9. Bemidbar Rabba, fol. 212. 4. & 218. 1.

Cross References 14

  • 1. S 1 Samuel 2:10
  • 2. S 2 Samuel 22:51; Psalms 59:16-17
  • 3. S Psalms 20:4; Psalms 37:4
  • 4. S 2 Samuel 12:30; Revelation 14:14
  • 5. Zechariah 6:11
  • 6. Psalms 10:16; Psalms 45:17; Psalms 48:14; Psalms 61:5-6; Psalms 91:16; Psalms 133:3
  • 7. ver 1; Psalms 18:50; Psalms 44:4
  • 8. S Psalms 8:5; Psalms 45:3; Psalms 93:1; Psalms 96:6; Psalms 104:1
  • 9. Psalms 43:4; Psalms 126:3
  • 10. S 1 Chronicles 17:27
  • 11. S 2 Kings 18:5
  • 12. Psalms 6:4
  • 13. Genesis 14:18
  • 14. S Psalms 15:5; S Psalms 55:22

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. In Hebrew texts 21:1-13 is numbered 21:2-14.
  • [b]. The Hebrew has "Selah" (a word of uncertain meaning) here.
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