1 Chronicles 1 NIV

Historical Records From Adam to Abraham

To Noah's Sons

1 Adam,1 Seth, Enosh,

References for 1 Chronicles 1:1

2 Kenan,2 Mahalalel,3 Jared,4

References for 1 Chronicles 1:2

3 Enoch,5 Methuselah,6 Lamech,7 Noah.8

References for 1 Chronicles 1:3

4 The sons of Noah:a9 Shem, Ham and Japheth.10

References for 1 Chronicles 1:4

    • a 1:4 - Septuagint; Hebrew does not have this line.

      The Japhethites

      1:5-7pp -- Ge 10:2-5

      5 The sonsb of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras.

      References for 1 Chronicles 1:5

        • b 1:5 - "Sons" may mean "descendants" or "successors" or "nations"; also in verses 6-10, 17 and 20.
          6 The sons of Gomer: Ashkenaz, Riphathc and Togarmah.

          References for 1 Chronicles 1:6

            • c 1:6 - Many Hebrew manuscripts and Vulgate (see also Septuagint and Gen. 10:3); most Hebrew manuscripts "Diphath"
              7 The sons of Javan: Elishah, Tarshish, the Kittim and the Rodanim.

              The Hamites

              1:8-16pp -- Ge 10:6-20

              8 The sons of Ham: Cush, Mizraim,d Put and Canaan.

              References for 1 Chronicles 1:8

                • d 1:8 - That is, Egypt; also in verse 11
                  9 The sons of Cush: Seba, Havilah, Sabta, Raamah and Sabteca. The sons of Raamah: Sheba and Dedan.
                  10 Cush was the fathere of Nimrod, who grew to be a mighty warrior on earth.

                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:10

                    • e 1:10 - "Father" may mean "ancestor" or "predecessor" or "founder"; also in verses 11, 13, 18 and 20.
                      11 Mizraim was the father of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,
                      12 Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.
                      13 Canaan was the father of Sidon his firstborn,f and of the Hittites,

                      References for 1 Chronicles 1:13

                        • f 1:13 - Or "of the Sidonians, the foremost"
                          14 Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites,
                          15 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,
                          16 Arvadites, Zemarites and Hamathites.

                          The Semites

                          1:17-23pp -- Ge 10:21-31; 11:10-27

                          17 The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram. The sons of Aram:g Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshech.

                          References for 1 Chronicles 1:17

                            • g 1:17 - One Hebrew manuscript and some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Gen. 10:23); most Hebrew manuscripts do not have this line.
                              18 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah, and Shelah the father of Eber.
                              19 Two sons were born to Eber: One was named Peleg,h because in his time the earth was divided; his brother was named Joktan.

                              References for 1 Chronicles 1:19

                                • h 1:19 - "Peleg" means "division."
                                  20 Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
                                  21 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
                                  22 Obal,i Abimael, Sheba,

                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:22

                                    • i 1:22 - Some Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac (see also Gen. 10:28); most Hebrew manuscripts "Ebal"
                                      23 Ophir, Havilah and Jobab. All these were sons of Joktan.
                                      24 Shem,11 Arphaxad,j Shelah,

                                      References for 1 Chronicles 1:24

                                        • j 1:24 - Hebrew; some Septuagint manuscripts "Arphaxad, Cainan" (see also note at Gen. 11:10)
                                          25 Eber, Peleg, Reu,
                                          26 Serug, Nahor, Terah
                                          27 and Abram (that is, Abraham).

                                          The Family of Abraham

                                          28 The sons of Abraham: Isaac and Ishmael.

                                          References for 1 Chronicles 1:28

                                              Descendants of Hagar

                                              1:29-31pp -- Ge 25:12-16

                                              29 These were their descendants: Nebaioth the firstborn of Ishmael, Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,

                                              References for 1 Chronicles 1:29

                                                  30 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema,
                                                  31 Jetur, Naphish and Kedemah. These were the sons of Ishmael.

                                                  Descendants of Keturah

                                                  1:32-33pp -- Ge 25:1-4

                                                  32 The sons born to Keturah, Abraham's concubine:12 Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah. The sons of Jokshan: Sheba and Dedan.13

                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:32

                                                  33 The sons of Midian: Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida and Eldaah. All these were descendants of Keturah.

                                                  Descendants of Sarah

                                                  1:35-37pp -- Ge 36:10-14

                                                  34 Abraham14 was the father of Isaac.15 The sons of Isaac: Esau and Israel.16

                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:34

                                                  Esau's Sons

                                                  35 The sons of Esau:17 Eliphaz, Reuel,18 Jeush, Jalam and Korah.

                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:35

                                                  36 The sons of Eliphaz: Teman, Omar, Zepho,k Gatam and Kenaz; by Timna: Amalek.l19

                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:36

                                                    • k 1:36 - Many Hebrew manuscripts, some Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac (see also Gen. 36:11); most Hebrew manuscripts "Zephi"
                                                    • l 1:36 - Some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Gen. 36:12); Hebrew "Gatam, Kenaz, Timna and Amalek"
                                                      37 The sons of Reuel:20 Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah.

                                                      References for 1 Chronicles 1:37

                                                      The People of Seir in Edom

                                                      1:38-42pp -- Ge 36:20-28

                                                      38 The sons of Seir: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer and Dishan.

                                                      References for 1 Chronicles 1:38

                                                          39 The sons of Lotan: Hori and Homam. Timna was Lotan's sister.
                                                          40 The sons of Shobal: Alvan,m Manahath, Ebal, Shepho and Onam. The sons of Zibeon: Aiah and Anah.21

                                                          References for 1 Chronicles 1:40

                                                            • m 1:40 - Many Hebrew manuscripts and some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Gen. 36:23); most Hebrew manuscripts "Alian"
                                                              41 The son of Anah: Dishon. The sons of Dishon: Hemdan,n Eshban, Ithran and Keran.

                                                              References for 1 Chronicles 1:41

                                                                • n 1:41 - Many Hebrew manuscripts and some Septuagint manuscripts (see also Gen. 36:26); most Hebrew manuscripts "Hamran"
                                                                  42 The sons of Ezer: Bilhan, Zaavan and Akan.o The sons of Dishanp: Uz and Aran.

                                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:42

                                                                    • o 1:42 - Many Hebrew and Septuagint manuscripts (see also Gen. 36:27); most Hebrew manuscripts "Zaavan, Jaakan"
                                                                    • p 1:42 - Hebrew "Dishon," a variant of "Dishan"

                                                                      The Rulers of Edom

                                                                      1:43-54pp -- Ge 36:31-43

                                                                      43 These were the kings who reigned in Edom before any Israelite king reignedq: Bela son of Beor, whose city was named Dinhabah.

                                                                      References for 1 Chronicles 1:43

                                                                        • q 1:43 - Or "before an Israelite king reigned over them"
                                                                          44 When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah succeeded him as king.
                                                                          45 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites22 succeeded him as king.

                                                                          References for 1 Chronicles 1:45

                                                                          46 When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad, who defeated Midian in the country of Moab, succeeded him as king. His city was named Avith.
                                                                          47 When Hadad died, Samlah from Masrekah succeeded him as king.
                                                                          48 When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the riverr succeeded him as king.

                                                                          References for 1 Chronicles 1:48

                                                                            • r 1:48 - Possibly the Euphrates
                                                                              49 When Shaul died, Baal-Hanan son of Acbor succeeded him as king.
                                                                              50 When Baal-Hanan died, Hadad succeeded him as king. His city was named Pau,s and his wife's name was Mehetabel daughter of Matred, the daughter of Me-Zahab.

                                                                              References for 1 Chronicles 1:50

                                                                                • s 1:50 - Many Hebrew manuscripts, some Septuagint manuscripts, Vulgate and Syriac (see also Gen. 36:39); most Hebrew manuscripts "Pai"
                                                                                  51 Hadad also died. The chiefs of Edom were: Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,
                                                                                  52 Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon,
                                                                                  53 Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar,
                                                                                  54 Magdiel and Iram. These were the chiefs of Edom.