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1 Kings 10 NIV

The Queen of Sheba Visits Solomon

1 When the queen of Sheba heard about the fame of Solomon and his relationship to the LORD, she came to test Solomon with hard questions.

References for 1 Kings 10:1

2 Arriving at Jerusalem with a very great caravan—with camels carrying spices, large quantities of gold, and precious stones—she came to Solomon and talked with him about all that she had on her mind.

References for 1 Kings 10:2

3 Solomon answered all her questions; nothing was too hard for the king to explain to her.
4 When the queen of Sheba saw all the wisdom of Solomon and the palace he had built,
5 the food on his table, the seating of his officials, the attending servants in their robes, his cupbearers, and the burnt offerings he made ata the temple of the LORD, she was overwhelmed.

References for 1 Kings 10:5

    • – 10:5 - Or "the ascent by which he went up to"
      6 She said to the king, “The report I heard in my own country about your achievements and your wisdom is true.
      7 But I did not believe these things until I came and saw with my own eyes. Indeed, not even half was told me; in wisdom and wealth you have far exceeded the report I heard.

      References for 1 Kings 10:7

      8 How happy your people must be! How happy your officials, who continually stand before you and hear your wisdom!

      References for 1 Kings 10:8

      9 Praise be to the LORD your God, who has delighted in you and placed you on the throne of Israel. Because of the LORD’s eternal love for Israel, he has made you king to maintain justice and righteousness.”

      References for 1 Kings 10:9

      10 And she gave the king 120 talentsb of gold, large quantities of spices, and precious stones. Never again were so many spices brought in as those the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.

      References for 1 Kings 10:10

        • — 10:10 - That is, about 4 1/2 tons or about 4 metric tons
          11 (Hiram’s ships brought gold from Ophir; and from there they brought great cargoes of almugwoodc and precious stones.

          References for 1 Kings 10:11

            • ˜ 10:11 - Probably a variant of "algumwood" ; also in verse 12
              12 The king used the almugwood to make supportsd for the temple of the LORD and for the royal palace, and to make harps and lyres for the musicians. So much almugwood has never been imported or seen since that day.)

              References for 1 Kings 10:12

                • ™ 10:12 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
                  13 King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba all she desired and asked for, besides what he had given her out of his royal bounty. Then she left and returned with her retinue to her own country.

                  Solomon’s Splendor

                  14 The weight of the gold that Solomon received yearly was 666 talents,e

                  References for 1 Kings 10:14

                    • š 10:14 - That is, about 25 tons or about 23 metric tons
                      15 not including the revenues from merchants and traders and from all the Arabian kings and the governors of the territories.
                      16 King Solomon made two hundred large shields of hammered gold; six hundred shekelsf of gold went into each shield.

                      References for 1 Kings 10:16

                        • › 10:16 - That is, about 15 pounds or about 6.9 kilograms; also in verse 29
                          17 He also made three hundred small shields of hammered gold, with three minasg of gold in each shield. The king put them in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon.

                          References for 1 Kings 10:17

                            • œ 10:17 - That is, about 3 3/4 pounds or about 1.7 kilograms; or perhaps reference is to double minas, that is, about 7 1/2 pounds or about 3.5 kilograms.
                              18 Then the king made a great throne covered with ivory and overlaid with fine gold.
                              19 The throne had six steps, and its back had a rounded top. On both sides of the seat were armrests, with a lion standing beside each of them.
                              20 Twelve lions stood on the six steps, one at either end of each step. Nothing like it had ever been made for any other kingdom.
                              21 All King Solomon’s goblets were gold, and all the household articles in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold. Nothing was made of silver, because silver was considered of little value in Solomon’s days.

                              References for 1 Kings 10:21

                              22 The king had a fleet of trading shipsh at sea along with the ships of Hiram. Once every three years it returned, carrying gold, silver and ivory, and apes and baboons.

                              References for 1 Kings 10:22

                                •  10:22 - Hebrew "of ships of Tarshish"
                                  23 King Solomon was greater in riches and wisdom than all the other kings of the earth.

                                  References for 1 Kings 10:23

                                  24 The whole world sought audience with Solomon to hear the wisdom God had put in his heart.

                                  References for 1 Kings 10:24

                                  25 Year after year, everyone who came brought a gift—articles of silver and gold, robes, weapons and spices, and horses and mules.

                                  References for 1 Kings 10:25

                                  26 Solomon accumulated chariots and horses; he had fourteen hundred chariots and twelve thousand horses,i which he kept in the chariot cities and also with him in Jerusalem.

                                  References for 1 Kings 10:26

                                    • ž 10:26 - Or "charioteers"
                                      27 The king made silver as common in Jerusalem as stones, and cedar as plentiful as sycamore-fig trees in the foothills.

                                      References for 1 Kings 10:27

                                      28 Solomon’s horses were imported from Egypt and from Kuej —the royal merchants purchased them from Kue at the current price.

                                      References for 1 Kings 10:28

                                        • Ÿ 10:28 - Probably "Cilicia"
                                          29 They imported a chariot from Egypt for six hundred shekels of silver, and a horse for a hundred and fifty.k They also exported them to all the kings of the Hittites and of the Arameans.

                                          References for 1 Kings 10:29

                                            •   10:29 - That is, about 3 3/4 pounds or about 1.7 kilograms

                                              Study tools for 1 Kings 10

                                              • a 10:5 - Or "the ascent by which he went up to"
                                              • b 10:10 - That is, about 4 1/2 tons or about 4 metric tons
                                              • c 10:11 - Probably a variant of "algumwood" ; also in verse 12
                                              • d 10:12 - The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
                                              • e 10:14 - That is, about 25 tons or about 23 metric tons
                                              • f 10:16 - That is, about 15 pounds or about 6.9 kilograms; also in verse 29
                                              • g 10:17 - That is, about 3 3/4 pounds or about 1.7 kilograms; or perhaps reference is to double minas, that is, about 7 1/2 pounds or about 3.5 kilograms.
                                              • h 10:22 - Hebrew "of ships of Tarshish"
                                              • i 10:26 - Or "charioteers"
                                              • j 10:28 - Probably "Cilicia"
                                              • k 10:29 - That is, about 3 3/4 pounds or about 1.7 kilograms