1 Kings 10 NIV

The Queen of Sheba Visits Solomon

10:1-13pp -- 2Ch 9:1-12

1 When the queen of Sheba1 heard about the fame2 of Solomon and his relation to the name of the LORD, she came to test him with hard questions.3

References for 1 Kings 10:1

2 Arriving at Jerusalem with a very great caravan4--with camels carrying spices, large quantities of gold, and precious stones--she came to Solomon and talked with him about all that she had on her mind.

References for 1 Kings 10:2

3 Solomon answered all her questions; nothing was too hard for the king to explain to her.
4 When the queen of Sheba saw all the wisdom of Solomon and the palace he had built,
5 the food on his table,5 the seating of his officials, the attending servants in their robes, his cupbearers, and the burnt offerings he made ata the temple of the LORD, she was overwhelmed.

References for 1 Kings 10:5

    • a 10:5 - Or "the ascent by which he went up to"
      6 She said to the king, "The report I heard in my own country about your achievements and your wisdom is true.
      7 But I did not believe6 these things until I came and saw with my own eyes. Indeed, not even half was told me; in wisdom and wealth7 you have far exceeded the report I heard.

      References for 1 Kings 10:7

      8 How happy your men must be! How happy your officials, who continually stand before you and hear8 your wisdom!

      References for 1 Kings 10:8

      9 Praise9 be to the LORD your God, who has delighted in you and placed you on the throne of Israel. Because of the LORD's eternal love10 for Israel, he has made you king, to maintain justice11 and righteousness."

      References for 1 Kings 10:9

      10 And she gave the king 120 talentsb of gold,12 large quantities of spices, and precious stones. Never again were so many spices brought in as those the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.

      References for 1 Kings 10:10

        • b 10:10 - That is, about 4 1/2 tons (about 4 metric tons)
          11 (Hiram's ships brought gold from Ophir;13 and from there they brought great cargoes of almugwoodc and precious stones.

          References for 1 Kings 10:11

            • c 10:11 - Probably a variant of "algumwood "; also in verse 12
              12 The king used the almugwood to make supports for the temple of the LORD and for the royal palace, and to make harps and lyres for the musicians. So much almugwood has never been imported or seen since that day.)
              13 King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba all she desired and asked for, besides what he had given her out of his royal bounty. Then she left and returned with her retinue to her own country.

              Solomon's Splendor

              10:14-29pp -- 2Ch 1:14-17; 9:13-28

              14 The weight of the gold14 that Solomon received yearly was 666 talents,d

              References for 1 Kings 10:14

                • d 10:14 - That is, about 25 tons (about 23 metric tons)
                  15 not including the revenues from merchants and traders and from all the Arabian kings and the governors of the land.
                  16 King Solomon made two hundred large shields15 of hammered gold; six hundred bekase of gold went into each shield.

                  References for 1 Kings 10:16

                    • e 10:16 - That is, about 7 1/2 pounds (about 3.5 kilograms)
                      17 He also made three hundred small shields of hammered gold, with three minasf of gold in each shield. The king put them in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon.16

                      References for 1 Kings 10:17

                        • f 10:17 - That is, about 3 3/4 pounds (about 1.7 kilograms)
                          18 Then the king made a great throne inlaid with ivory and overlaid with fine gold.
                          19 The throne had six steps, and its back had a rounded top. On both sides of the seat were armrests, with a lion standing beside each of them.
                          20 Twelve lions stood on the six steps, one at either end of each step. Nothing like it had ever been made for any other kingdom.
                          21 All King Solomon's goblets were gold, and all the household articles in the Palace of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold.17 Nothing was made of silver, because silver was considered of little value in Solomon's days.

                          References for 1 Kings 10:21

                          22 The king had a fleet of trading shipsg18 at sea along with the ships19 of Hiram. Once every three years it returned, carrying gold, silver and ivory, and apes and baboons.

                          References for 1 Kings 10:22

                            • g 10:22 - Hebrew "of ships of Tarshish"
                              23 King Solomon was greater in riches20 and wisdom21 than all the other kings of the earth.

                              References for 1 Kings 10:23

                              24 The whole world sought audience with Solomon to hear the wisdom22 God had put in his heart.

                              References for 1 Kings 10:24

                              25 Year after year, everyone who came brought a gift23--articles of silver and gold, robes, weapons and spices, and horses and mules.

                              References for 1 Kings 10:25

                              26 Solomon accumulated chariots and horses;24 he had fourteen hundred chariots and twelve thousand horses,h which he kept in the chariot cities and also with him in Jerusalem.

                              References for 1 Kings 10:26

                                • h 10:26 - Or "charioteers"
                                  27 The king made silver as common25 in Jerusalem as stones,26 and cedar as plentiful as sycamore-fig27 trees in the foothills.

                                  References for 1 Kings 10:27

                                  28 Solomon's horses were imported from Egypti and from Kuej--the royal merchants purchased them from Kue.

                                  References for 1 Kings 10:28

                                    • i 10:28 - Or possibly "Muzur", a region in Cilicia; also in verse 29
                                    • j 10:28 - Probably "Cilicia"
                                      29 They imported a chariot from Egypt for six hundred shekelsk of silver, and a horse for a hundred and fifty.l They also exported them to all the kings of the Hittites28 and of the Arameans.

                                      References for 1 Kings 10:29

                                        • k 10:29 - That is, about 15 pounds (about 7 kilograms)
                                        • l 10:29 - That is, about 3 3/4 pounds (about 1.7 kilograms)