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Saul and his son Jonathan and the men with them were staying in Gibeah in Benjamin, while the Philistines camped at Mikmash.
References for 1 Samuel 13:16
Raiding parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward Ophrah in the vicinity of Shual,
References for 1 Samuel 13:17
another toward Beth Horon, and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of Zeboyim facing the wilderness.
References for 1 Samuel 13:18
Not a blacksmith could be found in the whole land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, “Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears!”
References for 1 Samuel 13:19
So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plow points, mattocks, axes and sickles sharpened.
References for 1 Samuel 13:20
The price was two-thirds of a shekel for sharpening plow points and mattocks, and a third of a shekel for sharpening forks and axes and for repointing goads.
References for 1 Samuel 13:21
So on the day of the battle not a soldier with Saul and Jonathan had a sword or spear in his hand; only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.
References for 1 Samuel 13:22
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(New International Version Bible Online)