Compare Translations for 2 Chronicles 12:1

2 Chronicles 12:1 ASV
And it came to pass, when the kingdom of Rehoboam was established, and he was strong, that he forsook the law of Jehovah, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 BBE
Now when Rehoboam's position as king had been made certain, and he was strong, he gave up the law of the Lord, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 CEB
But as soon as Rehoboam had secured his royal power, he, along with all Israel, abandoned the LORD's Instruction.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 CJB
But in time, after Rechav'am had consolidated his rulership and had become strong, he, and with him all Isra'el, abandoned the Torah of ADONAI.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 RHE
And when the kingdom of Roboam was strengthened and fortified, he forsook the law of the Lord, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 ESV
When the rule of Rehoboam was established and he was strong, he abandoned the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 GW
When Rehoboam had established his kingdom and made himself strong, he and all Israel abandoned the LORD's teachings.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 GNT
As soon as Rehoboam had established his authority as king, he and all his people abandoned the Law of the Lord.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 HNV
It happened, when the kingdom of Rechav`am was established, and he was strong, that he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Yisra'el with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 CSB
When Rehoboam had established his sovereignty and royal power, he abandoned the law of the Lord-he and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 KJV
And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 LEB
And when the kingdom of Rehoboam was established and when he was strengthened, he forsook the law of Yahweh, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 NAS
When the kingdom of Rehoboam was established and strong, he and all Israel with him forsook the law of the LORD.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 NCV
After Rehoboam's kingdom was set up and he became strong, he and the people of Judah stopped obeying the teachings of the Lord.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 NIRV
Rehoboam had made his position as king secure. He had become very strong. Then he turned away from the law of the Lord. So did all of the people of Judah.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 NIV
After Rehoboam's position as king was established and he had become strong, he and all Israel with him abandoned the law of the LORD.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 NKJV
Now it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom and had strengthened himself, that he forsook the law of the Lord, and all Israel along with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 NLT
But when Rehoboam was firmly established and strong, he abandoned the law of the LORD, and all Israel followed him in this sin.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 NRS
When the rule of Rehoboam was established and he grew strong, he abandoned the law of the Lord, he and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 RSV
When the rule of Rehobo'am was established and was strong, he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 DBY
And it came to pass when the kingdom of Rehoboam was established, and when he had become strong, [that] he forsook the law of Jehovah, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 MSG
By the time Rehoboam had secured his kingdom and was strong again, he, and all Israel with him, had virtually abandoned God and his ways.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 WBT
And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 TMB
And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 TNIV
After Rehoboam's position as king was established and he had become strong, he and all Israel with him abandoned the law of the LORD.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 WEB
It happened, when the kingdom of Rehoboam was established, and he was strong, that he forsook the law of Yahweh, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12:1 WYC
And when the realm of Rehoboam was made strong and strengthened, he forsook the law of the Lord, and all Israel with him. (But when Rehoboam's kingdom was made strong and established, he abandoned the Law of the Lord, and all Israel with him.)
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2 Chronicles 12:1 YLT
And it cometh to pass, at the establishing of the kingdom of Rehoboam, and at his strengthening himself, he hath forsaken the law of Jehovah, and all Israel with him.
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2 Chronicles 12 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 12

Rehoboam, forsaking the Lord, is punished.

- When Rehoboam was so strong that he supposed he had nothing to fear from Jeroboam, he cast off his outward profession of godliness. It is very common, but very lamentable, that men, who in distress or danger, or near death, seem much engaged in seeking and serving God, throw aside all their religion when they have received a merciful deliverance. God quickly brought troubles upon Judah, to awaken the people to repentance, before their hearts were hardened. Thus it becomes us, when we are under the rebukes of Providence, to justify God, and to judge ourselves. If we have humbled hearts under humbling providences, the affliction has done its work; it shall be removed, or the property of it be altered. The more God's service is compared with other services, the more reasonable and easy it will appear. Are the laws of temperance thought hard? The effects of intemperance will be found much harder. The service of God is perfect liberty; the service of our lusts is complete slavery. Rehoboam was never rightly fixed in his religion. He never quite cast off God; yet he engaged not his heart to seek the Lord. See what his fault was; he did not serve the Lord, because he did not seek the Lord. He did not pray, as Solomon, for wisdom and grace; he did not consult the word of God, did not seek to that as his oracle, nor follow its directions. He made nothing of his religion, because he did not set his heart to it, nor ever came up to a steady resolution in it. He did evil, because he never was determined for good.

2 Chronicles 12 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 12

2 Chronicles 12:1-12 . REHOBOAM, FORSAKING GOD, IS PUNISHED BY SHISHAK.

1. when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and had strengthened During the first three years of his reign his royal influence was exerted in the encouragement of the true religion. Security and ease led to religious decline, which, in the fourth year, ended in open apostasy. The example of the court was speedily followed by his subjects, for "all Israel was with him," that is, the people in his own kingdom. The very next year, the fifth of his reign, punishment was inflicted by the invasion of Shishak.

2. Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem--He was the first king of the twenty-second or Bubastic Dynasty. What was the immediate cause of this invasion? Whether it was in resentment for some provocation from the king of Judah, or in pursuance of ambitious views of conquest, is not said. But the invading army was a vast horde, for Shishak brought along with his native Egyptians an immense number of foreign auxiliaries.

3-5. the Lubims--the Libyans of northeastern Africa.
the Sukkiims--Some think these were the Kenite Arabs, dwellers in tents, but others maintain more justly that these were Arab troglodytes, who inhabited the caverns of a mountain range on the western coast of the Red Sea.
and the Ethiopians--from the regions south of Egypt. By the overwhelming force of numbers, they took the fortresses of Judah which had been recently put in a state of defense, and marched to lay siege to the capital. While Shishak and his army was before Jerusalem, the prophet Shemaiah addressed Rehoboam and the princes, tracing this calamity to the national apostasy and threatening them with utter destruction in consequence of having forsaken God ( 2 Chronicles 12:6 ).

6. the princes of Israel--(compare 2 Chronicles 12:5 , "the princes of Judah").

7, 8. when the Lord saw that they humbled themselves--Their repentance and contrition was followed by the best effects; for Shemaiah was commissioned to announce that the phial of divine judgment would not be fully poured out on them--that the entire overthrow of the kingdom of Judah would not take place at that time, nor through the agency of Shishak; and yet, although it should enjoy a respite from total subversion, [Judah] should become a tributary province of Egypt in order that the people might learn how much lighter and better is the service of God than that of idolatrous foreign despots.

9. So Shishak . . . came up against Jerusalem--After the parenthetical clause ( 2 Chronicles 12:5-8 ) describing the feelings and state of the beleaguered court, the historian resumes his narrative of the attack upon Jerusalem, and the consequent pillage both of the temple and the palace.
he took all--that is, everything valuable he found. The cost of the targets and shields has been estimated as about $1,200,000 [NAPIER, Ancient Workers in Metal].
the shields of gold--made by Solomon, were kept in the house of the forest of Lebanon ( 2 Chronicles 9:16 ). They seem to have been borne, like maces, by the guards of the palace, when they attended the king to the temple or on other public processions. Those splendid insignia having been plundered by the Egyptian conqueror, others were made of inferior metal and kept in the guard room of the palace, to be ready for use; as, notwithstanding the tarnished glory of the court, the old state etiquette was kept up on public and solemn occasions. An account of this conquest of Judah, with the name of "king of Judah" in the cartouche of the principal captive, according to the interpreters, is carved and written in hieroglyphics on the walls of the great palace of Karnak, where it may be seen at the present day. This sculpture is about twenty-seven hundred years old, and is of peculiar interest as a striking testimony from Egypt to the truth of Scripture history.

12. when he humbled himself, the wrath of the Lord turned from him--The promise ( 2 Chronicles 12:7 ) was verified. Divine providence preserved the kingdom in existence, a reformation was made in the court, while true religion and piety were diffused throughout the land.

2 Chronicles 12:13-16 . HIS REIGN AND DEATH.

13, 14. Rehoboam strengthened . . . and reigned--The Egyptian invasion had been a mere predatory expedition, not extending beyond the limits of Judah, and probably, erelong, repelled by the invaded. Rehoboam's government acquired new life and vigor by the general revival of true religion, and his reign continued many years after the departure of Shishak. But
he prepared not his heart to seek the Lord--that is, he did not adhere firmly to the good course of reformation he had begun, "and he did evil," for through the unhappy influence of his mother, a heathen foreigner, he had no doubt received in his youth a strong bias towards