As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins,12
in which you used to live2 when you followed the ways of this world3 and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air,4 the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.53
All of us also lived among them at one time,6 gratifying the cravings of our sinful naturea7 and following its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature objects of wrath.
But because of his great love for us,8 God, who is rich in mercy,
made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions9--it is by grace you have been saved.10