Now when a man works, his wages are not credited to him as a gift,1 but as an obligation.
However, to the man who does not work but trusts God who justifies the wicked, his faith is credited as righteousness.26
David says the same thing when he speaks of the blessedness of the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works:
"Blessed are they whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered.
Blessed is the man whose sin the Lord will never count against him."a39
Is this blessedness only for the circumcised, or also for the uncircumcised?4 We have been saying that Abraham's faith was credited to him as righteousness.510
Under what circumstances was it credited? Was it after he was circumcised, or before? It was not after, but before!
And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised.6 So then, he is the father7 of all who believe8 but have not been circumcised, in order that righteousness might be credited to them.
And he is also the father of the circumcised who not only are circumcised but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham had before he was circumcised.
It was not through law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise9 that he would be heir of the world,10 but through the righteousness that comes by faith.1114
For if those who live by law are heirs, faith has no value and the promise is worthless,1215
because law brings wrath.13 And where there is no law there is no transgression.1416
Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace15 and may be guaranteed16 to all Abraham's offspring--not only to those who are of the law but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham. He is the father of us all.17