Six days before Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, home of Lazarus, whom Jesus had raised from the dead.
Lazarus and his sisters hosted a dinner for him. Martha served and Lazarus was among those who joined him at the table.
Then Mary took an extraordinary amount, almost three-quarters of a pound, of very expensive perfume made of pure nard. She anointed Jesus' feet with it, then wiped his feet dry with her hair. The house was filled with the aroma of the perfume.
Judas Iscariot, one of his disciples (the one who was about to betray him), complained,
"This perfume was worth a year's wages! Why wasn't it sold and the money given to the poor?" (
He said this not because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief. He carried the money bag and would take what was in it.)
Then Jesus said, "Leave her alone. This perfume was to be used in preparation for my burial, and this is how she has used it.
You will always have the poor among you, but you won't always have me."
Many Jews learned that he was there. They came not only because of Jesus but also to see Lazarus, whom he had raised from the dead.
The chief priests decided that they would kill Lazarus too.
It was because of Lazarus that many of the Jews had deserted them and come to believe in Jesus.
The next day the great crowd that had come for the festival heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem.
References for John 12:12
They took palm branches and went out to meet him. They shouted, "Hosanna! Blessings on the one who comes in the name of the Lord! Blessings on the king of Israel!"
References for John 12:13
Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, just as it is written,
Don't be afraid, Daughter Zion. Look! Your king is coming, sitting on a donkey's colt.
References for John 12:15
His disciples didn't understand these things at first. After he was glorified, they remembered that these things had been written about him and that they had done these things to him.
The crowd who had been with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead were testifying about him.
That's why the crowd came to meet him, because they had heard about this miraculous sign that he had done.
Therefore, the Pharisees said to each other, "See! You've accomplished nothing! Look! The whole world is following him!"
Some Greeks were among those who had come up to worship at the festival.
References for John 12:20
They came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and made a request: "Sir, we want to see Jesus."
Philip told Andrew, and Andrew and Philip told Jesus.
Jesus replied, “The time has come for the Human One to be glorified.
References for John 12:23
I assure you that unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it can only be a single seed. But if it dies, it bears much fruit.
Those who love their lives will lose them, and those who hate their lives in this world will keep them forever.
Whoever serves me must follow me. Wherever I am, there my servant will also be. My Father will honor whoever serves me.
"Now I am deeply troubled. What should I say? ‘Father, save me from this time'? No, for this is the reason I have come to this time.
References for John 12:27
Father, glorify your name!" Then a voice came from heaven, "I have glorified it, and I will glorify it again."
The crowd standing there heard and said, "It's thunder." Others said, "An angel spoke to him."
Jesus replied, "This voice wasn't for my benefit but for yours.
Now is the time for judgment of this world. Now this world's ruler will be thrown out.
When I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw everyone to me." (
References for John 12:32
He said this to show how he was going to die.)
The crowd responded, "We have heard from the Law that the Christ remains forever. How can you say that the Human One must be lifted up? Who is this Human One?"
References for John 12:34
Jesus replied, "The light is with you for only a little while. Walk while you have the light so that darkness doesn't overtake you. Those who walk in the darkness don't know where they are going.
As long as you have the light, believe in the light so that you might become people whose lives are determined by the light." After Jesus said these things, he went away and hid from them.
Jesus had done many miraculous signs before the people, but they didn't believe in him.
References for John 12:37
This was to fulfill the word of the prophet Isaiah: Lord, who has believed through our message? To whom is the arm of the Lord fully revealed?
References for John 12:38
Isaiah explains why they couldn't believe:
He made their eyes blind and closed their minds so that they might not see with their eyes, understand with their minds, and turn their lives around— and I would heal them.
References for John 12:40
Isaiah said these things because he saw Jesus' glory; he spoke about Jesus.
Even so, many leaders believed in him, but they wouldn't acknowledge their faith because they feared that the Pharisees would expel them from the synagogue.
They believed, but they loved human praise more than God's glory.
Jesus shouted, "Whoever believes in me doesn't believe in me but in the one who sent me.
References for John 12:44
Whoever sees me sees the one who sent me.
I have come as a light into the world so that everyone who believes in me won't live in darkness.
If people hear my words and don't keep them, I don't judge them. I didn't come to judge the world but to save it.
Whoever rejects me and doesn't receive my words will be judged at the last day by the word I have spoken.
I don't speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me regarding what I should speak and say.
I know that his commandment is eternal life. Therefore, whatever I say is just as the Father has said to me."