13:3 And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of a bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this [place]: there shall no leavened bread be b eaten.
(a) Where they were in most cruel slavery. 13:4 This day came ye out in the month c Abib.
(b) To signify that they did not have time to leaven their bread.
(c) Containing part of March and part of April, when corn began to ripen in that country. 13:6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the d seventh day [shall be] a feast to the LORD.
13:8 And thou shalt shew thy son e in that day, saying, [This is done] because of that [which] the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.
(d) Both the seventh and the first day were holy, as in ( Exodus 12:16 ).
(e) When you celebrate the feast of unleavened bread. 13:9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee f upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORDS law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt.
(f) You will constantly remember it, as you would of a thing that is in your hand, or before your eyes. 13:13 And every firstling of an g ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou h redeem.
(g) This is also understood about the horse and other beasts which were not offered in sacrifice. 13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not [through] the way of the land of the Philistines, although that [was] near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they i see war, and they return to Egypt:
(h) By offering a clean beast in sacrifice; ( Leviticus 12:6 ).
(i) Which the Philistines would have made against them by blocking their passage. 13:18 But God led the people about, [through] the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up k harnessed out of the land of Egypt.
(k) That is, not secretly but openly and as the word signifies, set in order by five and five. 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a l cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:
(l) To defend them from the heat of the sun.