And I will cause them to be removed into all kingdoms of the
Not only into Babylon, but into other countries; which has had its full accomplishment in this their last captivity by the Romans: or "I will give them for a commotion" F26; shaking and trembling; they shall be like Cain, fugitives and vagabonds, and be in fear and trembling everywhere, for what is, or is about to come upon them: or "for horror unto all kingdoms" F1; all that see the calamities and judgments that come upon them will be struck with dread and horror, plainly seeing the hand of the Lord in them: because of Manasseh the son of Hezekiah king of Judah;
because of the idolatry and murder committed by him; and which were the more aggravated, by having so good a parent, and so religious an education, and by his high office and dignity as king of Judah; and though these sins were personally forgiven him, yet, being imitated and continued in by the Jews, captivity is threatened them. The Targum is,
``because they turned not (or were not converted) as Manasseh;''and so in the Talmud F2, because Manasseh repented, and they did not; but this sense the words will not bear, because of what goes before, of which these are a reason; and because of what follows after, which are connected with them: for that which he did in Jerusalem;
the innocent blood he shed there, and the idolatrous worship he there set up; even where the temple was, the place of God's worship, and which was the metropolis of the nation, and so set an example, which must influence the whole country.
F26 (hewzl) "in commotionem", Calvin, Junius & Tremellius, Piscator.
F1 "In horrorem", Cocceius.
F2 T. Bab. Sanhedrin, fol. 102. 2.