When their judges are overthrown in stony places
The judges of David's adversaries, the workers of iniquity; meaning Saul, Abner Arama refers this to Saul and his sons being slain on the mountains of Gilboa, ( 1 Samuel 31:1 1 Samuel 31:8 ) ; which might be here prophetically spoken of. Or, as it is by some rendered, "when their judges are let down by the sides of the rock" F4; or let go free, as Saul was by David more than once; when it was in the power of his hands to have taken away his life, which his principal friends urged him to do, ( 1 Samuel 24:2-7 ) ( 26:3-12 ) . Some render the words as an imprecation or wish, "let their judges be cast down" F5; or as a prophecy, they "shall be cast dozen in stony places", or "by the sides of a rock": so the word is used of casting or throwing down, ( 2 Kings 9:33 ) ; and may allude to the manner of punishment used in some places, by casting down from a precipice, from rocks and hills; see ( 2 Chronicles 25:12 ) ( Luke 4:29 ) . Or, "when they slip by the sides of the rock" F6; endeavouring to get up it; as ambitious men are desirous of getting to the top of honour, power, and authority, but stand in slippery places, and often slip and fall. And when this should be the case of these judges, then should David be raised up on high; the anointed of the God of Jacob, the sweet psalmist of Israel. And then
they shall hear my words, for these are sweet:
that is, the common people should hear them, and be pleased with them, who had been set against him by their judges; by which they would easily perceive that he had no enmity nor malice, nor ill design against Saul. This may respect either his very affectionate lamentation at the death of Saul and his sons, ( 2 Samuel 1:17-27 ) ; or what he delivered at the several times he spared the life of Saul, when he could have taken it away, ( 1 Samuel 24:9-19 ) ( 26:17-25 ) ; and it is especially true of all the words which David spoke by inspiration, or the Spirit of God spake to him; particularly in his book of Psalms, concerning the Messiah, the covenant of grace, and the blessings of it; of the rich experiences of grace he had, and the several doctrines of the Gospel declared by him; which were sweet, delightful, and entertaining to those who have ears to hear such things; or whose ears are opened to hear them, so as to understand them and distinguish them; but to others not.
F4 (elo ydyb wjmvn) "demittentur per loca saxosa", Tigurine version; "demissi sunt in manus petrae", Montanus; "dimittunt se in lateribue petrarum", Piscator.
F5 "Praecipitentur", Munster; "dejiciantur", Gejerus; "praecipites dentur", Musculus; so Kimchi.
F6 "Lubricati sunt per latere petrae", Cocceius.