The Twelve Apostles Chosen.
SUMMARY.--The Son of Man Lord of the Sabbath. The Man with the Withered Hand Healed. Accused of Sabbath-Breaking. The Apostles Chosen. Blessings and Woes. Returning Good for Evil. Evil and Good Fruit. The Wise and Foolish Builders.
1-5. It came to pass on a sabbath. Such is the reading of the Revision. The common text, the second-first in the Greek, is referred by Godet to second-first Sunday of the year. The first first Sabbath was the first Sabbath of the civil year; the second first was the first sabbath of the religious year. It came in the spring. For notes on the controversy caused by the Lord's disciples plucking the ears of wheat on the Sabbath, see Matt. 12:1-14. Compare also Mk 2:23-28 Mk 3:1-5 . Ears of corn. Of wheat or barley.
12. Went out into a mountain to pray. Preparatory to calling the apostles. Our Lord always prepared for any great crisis by prayer.
13. He called his disciples. After the night of prayer. Out of these twelve were chosen. For notes on the call of the Apostles see Matt. 10:1-5. These are four lists of the twelve: that here: Matt. 10:2-4 Mark 3:16-19 Acts 1:13 . They differ slightly because some of the apostles had two different names: for example, Matthew is also called Levi, and Simon is called Peter.
17-19. Came down and stood on a level place. We now come to Luke's report of the Sermon on the Mount, given much more fully in chapters 5, 6 and 7 of Matthew , on which see notes. Luke only states that the sermon was preceded by the healing of the diseased in the vast multitudes which had assembled from all parts of the country.
24-26. Woe unto you that are rich! Matthew omits these woes. Woe unto all whose heart is set upon their riches and who take their delight and consolation in them. The woe rests upon all who are engaged in the greedy chase after wealth, or make it their great good. See Mark 10:24 and 1 Timothy 6:9 1 Timothy 6:10 1 Timothy 6:17 . Woe unto ye that are full now! Because, satisfied, they do not hunger after righteousness ( Matt. 5:6 ). Such shall hunger when stripped of all that is earthly. Woe unto you, ye that laugh now! Give themselves to merriment, seeking fun and enjoyment instead of preparation. When all men shall speak well of you! Those who seek to be universally popular. Whoever does his duty will meet those who oppose him. Christ was reviled and slandered. These four woes are addressed to four classes: (1) Those who worship wealth; (2) those satisfied with their present life; (3) those who live for present enjoyment; (4) those whose aim is human praise and adulation.
37, 38. Judge not. See notes on Matt. 7:1, 2. Give into your bosom. The loose garment of a Jew was belted at the waist, and in its capacious bosom grain, or other articles, were carried.
39. Can the blind lead the blind? See notes on Matt. 15:14.
40. The disciple is not above his master. See note on Matt. 10:24.
41, 42. The mote that is in thy brother's eye. See notes on Matt. 7:3-5.
43-45. For a good tree. See notes on Matt. 7:15-20.
46-49. Why call ye me, Lord, Lord? See notes on Matt. 7:21-27. Luke adds: Digged deep. This is often needful to reach the rock. We must dig deep, even to our heart, to its center, to build upon the Rock, Christ our Lord. The confession of faith in Christ ( Matt. 16:16 ) must be believed with the heart ( Rom. 10:10 ), confessed with the mouth, in order that we may be built upon the Rock ( Matt. 16:18 ).